Evidence in Camera Vol 4 No 4

MMcDermottC1119618-161216-04.pdf

Title

Evidence in Camera Vol 4 No 4

Description

A magazine of aerial photographs of incindiary bombs dropping, a formation of Fw 190s, the bombing of Aachen, Turin, operations over Sicily, the port of Taranto, a gas factory and colliery, a railway junction, a coastal battery, combat film of the end of a Ju 88, marshalling yards, the Dortmund-Ems canal, the Politz oil plant and an image whose identity is to be guessed.

Date

1943-07-26

Temporal Coverage

Language

Type

Format

28 page booklet

Rights

This content is available under a CC BY-NC 4.0 International license (Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0). It has been published ‘as is’ and may contain inaccuracies or culturally inappropriate references that do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the University of Lincoln or the International Bomber Command Centre. For more information, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ and https://ibccdigitalarchive.lincoln.ac.uk/omeka/legal.

Contributor

Identifier

MMcDermottC1119618-161216-04

Transcription

VOLUME 4 NUMBER 4 JULY 26TH 1943

[picture]

EVIDENCE IN CAMERA

ISSUED BY AIR MINISTRY A.C.A.S. (I)

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

[page break]

EVIDENCE IN CAMERA

1. This O.U.O. document may be issued to Officers' Mess and Station Reference Libraries. (K.R. & A.C.I. 882, 2236(c), 2287.)

2. The only legitimate use which may be made of official documents or information derived from them is for the furtherance of the public service in the performance of official duties.

3. The publication of official documents, information from them, reproduction of extras or their use for personal controversy, or for any private or public purpose without due authority is a breach of official trust under the OFFICIAL SECRETS ACTS, 1911 and 1920, and will be dealt with accordingly. (K.R. & A.C.I. 1071, 1072, 2238).

4. Copies not required for record purposes should be disposed of as Secret Waste in accordance with A.M.O. A.411/41.

SEE FURTHER INSTRUCTIONS ON BACK OF COVER.

[page break]

[cartoon]
"We know he won't talk."

73

[page break]

[photograph]

INCENDIARY BOMBS AWAY

This impressive close-up of two containers of incendiary bombs, spreading as they leave a Fortress (B-17), was taken at the start of the bombing run over the target during a daylight attack on KIEL.

74

[page break]

[photograph]

GERMAN FIGHTERS IN FORMATION

Three Fw 190s photographed from a B.17 during the attack on HÜLS (22.6.43). Two of the Fw 190s are banking and the black appearance of the wings and the tail planes is caused by shadows.

75

[page break]

AACHEN BURNING AFTER NIGHT ATTACK

[photograph]
Great conflagrations were burning when photographs of AACHEN were taken about eight hours after the attack on 13/14.7.43. Intense fires, some of which are indicated, show through the volumes of smoke seen on this photograph drifting across the central city area. One of the factories still burning is a needle works (A).

76

[page break]

[photograph]
Very heavy damage was inflicted on industrial and other buildings at AACHEN and this enlargement of part of the area seen on the previous page shows the premises (A) of Wilhelm Küsters (boiler makers) still burning. Warehouses (B) of the Goods Depot are also on fire and there is damage to Neuman and Esser, manufacturers of large compressors (C).

77

[page break]

[photograph]
AACHEN. The important optical works of N. Kinon (A) were mostly destroyed and are still burning. The factory of Flamor-Gesellschaft Velrop (B), reported to be making machine guns for Junkers, and the adjacent factory (C), probably engaged in the textile industry, were seriously damaged. The boiler house of the Power Station (D) was damaged and the plant is considered out of action. Further factories (E) have sustained severe damage.

78

[page break]

[photograph]
Heavy industrial damage was inflicted on TURIN during the attack by aircraft of Bomber Command on 12/13.7.43. The areas outlined north of the River Dora contain severely damaged industrial and commercial property including a cotton spinning mill still burning (A); rubber and ebonite factory (B); coach builders and aircraft accessories (C). The Tramway Station and Depot (D), sout of the river, were seriously damaged.

79

[page break]

[photograph]

[photograph]

[boxed] SOUTH-EAST SICILY
These oblique photographs of South-East Sicily show the type of terrain in the coastal regions in which Allied forces executed the most ambitious combined operations in history on 10.7.43 and subsequent days. [/boxed]

Above: PORTOPALO at the S.E. tip of Sicily and west of Capo Passero, one of the areas to be mentioned in official communiques of the early stages of the landing. In the foreground is the little village of PORTOPALO with its lighthouse and in the background an important tunny fishery.

Left: This typical stretch of the island near the south coast is N.E. of AVOLA. Citrus groves run up to the foot of barren limestone hills.

80

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[photograph]
Left: POZALLO, one of the small towns on the south coast is backed by citrus groves.

[photograph]
Right: GELA has been an important point in the fighting. This photograph, of the region south-east of Gela, illustrates the transition from beach through coastal plain to the hills.

81

[page break]

SYRACUSE IN ALLIED HANDS

[photograph]
SYRACUSE, a small port on the east coast of Sicily, was soon in Allied hands. The Harbour Station is seen at (A), the Main Station and Sidings at (B) and the Seaplane Station at (C). The Roman amphitheatre (D) was built in the time of Augustus.

82

[page break]

[photograph]
PALERMO, which lies in a sheltered bay to the N.W. of Sicily, was one of the ports heavily bombed by Allied aircraft before the landing in the S.E. In 1941 and early 1942 light cruisers were seen in the port, but smaller naval units and large merchant vessels have used the port more recently. Vittorio Veneto Pier (A). Piave Pier (B) and S. Lucia Pier (C) were all shattered, warehouses destroyed and ships wrecked. A destroyer (D) lies on her side in the flooded dry dock near Cantiere Navale Riuniti, shipbuilding Yard (E).

83

[page break]

[photograph]

KNOW YOUR PORTS – TARANTO
TARANTO, one of the most active of all Italian naval bases, is also an active base for tankers and merchant shipping. Mar Grande, a large enclosed anchorage, has been used regularly by battleships which generally lie within special boom enclosures. A narrow channel through the isthmus on which the town is built connects Mar Grande to the two land locked anchorages of Mar Piccolo. Principal types of naval vessels have been seen in the western port or Mar Piccolo, while the eastern port is used by lighters [sic] and small craft. INSET: A smoke screen which was started from the port and town area of TARANTO as U.S.A.A.F. aircraft were on their way to attack Grottaglia Airfield (4.6.43).

84 and 85

[page break]

[photograph]
Minor repairs to naval units are carried out at the Naval Dockyard on the south shore of Mar Piccolo (West), TARANTO. The new Dry Dock (A) and Principe di Napoli Dry Dock (B) are used to accommodate all types of naval ships and large merchant vessels. The Submarine Base (C) is also used by major naval vessels. A tunnel is being cut from the Dockyard towards a large dry dock under construction in the Mar Grande (see next page). Excavations are seen in progress at two points (D).

86

[page break]

[photograph]
A dry dock (A), which, if completed, would be approximately 1,150 ft. by 150 ft., is being constructed in the Mar Grande, TARANTO. Spoil is being used for reclamation work on the foreshore. Evidence of constructional work on the tunnel from the Dockyard is seen in this photograph. The ground has been filled in (B) over parts of the completed tunnel.

87

[page break]

COLLIERY AND GAS WORKS, HAMBORN-DUISBURG

[photograph]
The joint works of Gelsenkirchener Bergwerks. A.G.F. and Thyssen'sche Gas and Wasserwerke, HAMBORN-DUISBURG. Long distance gas is supplied to 29 places and two companies while the colliery has a coal output of 1,800.000 tons per annum. (A) Colliery-head gear. (B) 386 ovens producing coke for the neighbouring iron and steel works and industrial gas. (C) Gas works and by-products. (D) Gas production. (E and E1) Gas supply lines.

88

[page break]

RAILWAY JUNCTION AT NEUSS

[photograph]
This large railway junction at NEUSS is the western bridgehead of the important crossing of the Rhine at Dusseldorf and from it radiate routes to Cologne (to the south), Duren (south-west), Munchen-Gladbach and Aachen (west) and Krefeld and Duisburg (north). (A) Engine Shed. (B) Passenger Station, (C) Goods Station, (D) Marshalling Yard, (E) Erft Canal, (F) Hafenbecken I. (G) Hafenbecken II. (H) Hafenbecken III.

89

[page break]

CAMOUFLAGE OF DANISH COASTAL BATTERY

[photograph]
Three positions (arrows) of this four-gun coastal battery at HANSTHOLM, Denmark, have been camouflaged with caps of netting on framework. A long slit (A), through which the barrel of the gun can protrude, is visible in the side of each cap.

90

[page break]

[photograph]

[boxed] FIGHTER COMMAND COMBAT FILM [/boxed]

These shots from a ciné-gun film were taken during a successful attack on a Ju 88 (27.6.43). The undercarriage of the aircraft is down and strikes can be seen on the fuselage.
[photograph]

[photograph]

[photograph]

91

[page break]

MAIN MARSHALLING YARD, DORTMUND

[photograph]
The northern end of the main marshalling yard at DORTMUND. (A) Dortmund-Ems Canal. (B) Main marshalling yard, (C) Through lines. (D) Wagon repair shops. INSET: An enlarged portion showing the road and rail nexus.

92

[page break]

[photograph]
Five days after the attack on DORTMUND on 23/24.5.43 the eastern span (A) of the bridge carrying the Westfalla Strasse over the entrance to the main marshalling yard is seen collapsed as a result of a hit. It is obstructing all but three of the roads from the south into the yard (B) and would stop the working of traffic through the yard in a northerly direction. (C) Through lines. (D) Locomotive Depot. Inset: Damaged bridge being cleared away.

93

[page break]

OIL STORAGE AT PÖLITZ

[photograph]
These tanks for feedstocks – pitch, oil residues, etc., made into useful products by hydrogenation – are at the great PÖLITZ synthetic oil plant. The tanks (A) are surrounded by blast walls and the outlines slightly blurred by camouflage netting supported on framework. Tank wagons are in the sidings (B).

94

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[photograph]
Above: Tanks for half finished products are protected by blast walls. Tanks (A) are earthed up while others (B) are covered with camouflage.
[photograph]
Below: Final products tanks. Six of these (A) are covered with a long rectangle of camouflage netting, while framework for more substantial camouflage is under construction at (B and B1). Six tanks (C) have been surrounded with earth and two new tanks (D), to be protected in the same way, have just been completed.

Right: A group of tanks, protected by being earthed up, for iso-octane valuable for blending with aviation spirit.
[photograph]

95

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PROBLEM PICTURE

[photograph]

WHAT ARE THESE THREE BUILDINGS?
Answer at Foot of Page.

[boxed] ANSWER TO PROBLEM PICTURE ABOVE.
(A) The round Campanile or Leaning Tower of PISA, partly build in 1174, completed in 1350. It is 181 ft high and its inclination from the vertical is approximately 15 ft.
(B) The Cathedral was consecrated in 1118 and is faced almost entirely with white marble.
(C) The Baptistry was completed in 1278 and the roof of the dome and Gothic additions date from the 14th Century. It is 100 ft. in diameter.

96

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(4418.) 51-9832. 2900. 26/7/43. 45.246.
C. & E. LAYTON LTD. London, E.C.4.

[page break]

EVIDENCE IN CAMERA

This weekly document will consist of a collection of illustrations varying in number in each issue according to the quantity of material of sufficient interest and suitable for reproduction that is received.

2. Requests for material to be included in this document should be submitted to Command Headquarters, who after consideration, will submit them to Air Ministry, A.D.I.(Ph.). Any useful suggestions as regards contents will receive full consideration and will be welcomed.

3. Distribution is carried out by Air Ministry (A.I. I) and any requests for fewer or additional copies must be made through Group Headquarters who will ensure the maximum possible economy.

4. Under no circumstances must any of the illustrations be reproduced by Units in the British Isles. Further copies can be printed from the existing blocks and independent photographic reproduction would be a waste of material and labour to the detriment of the National War Effort.

5. The distribution of photographs to the general public is carried out through the Press who are supplied with photographs which have been specially selected for their general interest and have been published after careful consideration by the Security Branch and by the Ministry of Information; it is therefore unnecessary as well as undesirable to communicate any of the contents of this document, either directly or by discussion in public places, to persons not enjoying the privilege of serving in H.M. Forces.

6. The document has not been officially graded as Secret or Confidential in order that the widest distribution may be given, but Commanding Officers should use their discretion to ensure that the appropriate information is available only to those whose work will benefit.

7. The necessity for security cannot be over emphasised, for although this document is not marked Secret some of its contents may occasionally be of value to the enemy. Every care must be taken to prevent such information being disclosed.

Collection

Citation

Great Britain. Air Ministry, “Evidence in Camera Vol 4 No 4,” IBCC Digital Archive, accessed April 21, 2024, https://ibccdigitalarchive.lincoln.ac.uk/omeka/collections/document/27341.

Item Relations

This item has no relations.