Mr Churchill's warning to Italy, Italy mutiny at Piraeus and November 1942

SValentineJRM1251404v10039.jpg

Title

Mr Churchill's warning to Italy, Italy mutiny at Piraeus and November 1942

Description

Article 1. Headlines; Mr Churchill's warning to Italy, new offensive from African spring-board, towards a climax in Russia. Article 2. Headiness: Italian mutiny at Piraeus, troops take to brigandage. Italian troops refusing to embark for Africa. Mentions Greek and Romanian resistance. Article 3. Headlines: November 1942, a month memorable in history. gives a roundup of events that happened during November 1942. Includes mention of RAF attacks on Genoa, Turin and Stuttgart

Date

1942-11-30

Temporal Coverage

Language

Type

Format

Three newspaper cuttings mounted on a scrapbook page

Publisher

The Times
IBCC Digital Archive

Rights

This content is available under a CC BY-NC 4.0 International license (Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0). It has been published ‘as is’ and may contain inaccuracies or culturally inappropriate references that do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the University of Lincoln or the International Bomber Command Centre. For more information, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ and https://ibccdigitalarchive.lincoln.ac.uk/omeka/legal.

Identifier

SValentineJRM1251404v10039

Transcription

THE TIMES MONDAY NOVEMBER 30 19[missing numbers]

MR. CHURCHILL’S WARNING TO ITALY

NEW OFFENSIVES FROM AFRICAN SPRING-BOARD

TOWARDS A CLIMAX IN RUSSIA

Mr. Churchill, reviewing the campaigns in Africa in a broadcast last night, said we expected to expel the enemy before long. “But Africa is no halting-place,” he said. “It is not a seat but a spring-board. We shall use Africa to come to closer grips.”

He spoke of the importance of reopening the Mediterranean, and opening the air battle on a new front, bringing the weight of the war home to Italy.

ITALIAN MUTINY AT PIRAEUS

TROOPS TAKE TO BRIGANDAGE

From Our Own Correspondent

ISTANBUL, Dec. 1

The deterioration of Italian morale is confirmed by reports recently received from Greece. A spirit of revolt and a lack of discipline prevail among the Italian soldiers, who are cooperating with Albanian brigands in carrying off prominent Greek citizens to the mountains and setting them free only on payment of a heavy ransom.

About a month ago a few German soldiers, the survivors of a transport ship sunk in the Mediterranean, arrived at the Piraeus. On seeing them, Italian troops about to set sail for Africa mutinied and refused to embark. They were immediately arrested and sent to Tatoi, and the ringleaders were executed. Other acts of rebellion occurred among the Italian troops garrisoned in Athens, and as a consequence machine-guns were posted in the central streets.

In Macedonia, around Mount Olympus and the districts of Elassona, Greek bands are raiding villages, hoisting the Greek flag and encouraging the population to resist the invaders and punish “traitors” who cooperate with Germans and Italians.

The resistance of the Rumanian people to the Germans is increasing under the leadership of the mysterious Vlaicu, who for the time being is lying low, perfecting and extending his organization. Recently an aeroplane of General Mihailovitch, leader of the Serbian patriot army, flew over Rumania dropping leaflets urging Rumanians to support Vlaicu. The internal situation in Rumania is getting worse because of the scarcity of foodstuffs; 1,000 lei are required daily for food by a person of moderate needs. In spite of heavy penalties a black market in food is rife, as it is the only way to obtain anything except bare necessities.

NOVEMBER, 1942

A MONTH MEMORABLE IN HISTORY

During the month just ended, in which the allies’ progress towards final victory has been hastened by a series of memorable achievements on all the main battle-fronts, the following major events took place:-

NOVEMBER 3. – Allies capture Kokoda, New Guinea. The Eighth Army, attacking at El Alamein, advances several miles.

NOVEMBER 4. – Rommel’s army in full and disorderly retreat, under incessant attack by British land and air forces.

NOVEMBER 5. – The Eighth Army advancing on the whole front.

NOVEMBER 6. – General Montgomery announces that the battle of El Alamein has ended in “complete and absolute victory.” Armistice signed in Madagascar.

NOVEMBER 7. – Heavy R.A.F. raid on Genoa.

NOVEMBER 8. – United States forces land in French North Africa, supported by the Royal Navy and the R.A.F. General Giraud calls on all French people to cooperate with the allies. Surrender of Algiers. Rommel’s army in full retreat towards the Egyptian frontier.

NOVEMBER 9. – More American troops land in North Africa; three airfields occupied. Eighth Army reaches Mersa Matruh.

NOVEMBER 10. – Fall of Oran; resistance ending in Algeria. French naval resistance off Casablanca overcome; the battleship Jean Bart in flames.

NOVEMBER 11. – German forces enter Vichy France, Hitler declaring to Pétain that they were doing so in order to defend southern France against an imminent allied attack Capitulation of Algeria and Morocco. Allied forces occupy Bougie. The remnants of Rommel’s army are driven out of Egypt.

NOVEMBER 12. – Heavy allied air attacks on Axis forces assembling in Tunisia. Darlan appeals to the French fleet at Toulon to cross to North Africa.

NOVEMBER 13. – Tobruk recaptured by the Eighth Army. General Montgomery declares that Rommel’s forces have been completely crippled. Allied forces advancing towards Tunisia. It is announced in Algiers that Darlan has “resumed responsibility for French interests in North Africa,” in agreement with the American authorities.

NOVEMBER 15. – Allied and Axis forces in contact in Tunisia. The Eighth Army, pursuing the routed Afrika Kerps [sic], reached Tmimi. Thirteen U-boats sunk off North Africa. Genoa again raided by the R.A.F.

NOVEMBER 16. – The United States Navy Department announces the destruction of 23 Japanese ships in a big naval battle in the Solomons. Japanese in Papua hemmed in on the coast.

NOVEMBER 17. – Landings by British parachute troops in Tunisia. Mekili and Derna occupied by the Eighth Army.

NOVEMBER 18. – Turin bombed by the R.A.F.

NOVEMBER 19. – Germans evacuate Benghazi.

NOVEMBER 20. – Russian victory in the central Caucasus; Axis forces in retreat, abandoning between 100 and 150 tanks. British beat off German tank force in Tunisia. R.A.F. makes its heaviest raid on Turin.

NOVEMBER 22. – Russians launch an offensive on the Stalingrad front, advancing between 40 and 50 miles and taking 13,000 prisoners.

NOVEMBER 23. – French West Africa, including Dakar, joins Darlan. German forces at Stalingrad are endangered by the continued Russian advance; the Russians capture five more towns and a great quantity of booty. Stuttgart is bombed by the R.A.F. Australians capture Gona.

NOVEMBER 24. – Three Axis divisions are captured on the Stalingrad front, where the Russians advance another 25 miles.

NOVEMBER 26. – Germans lose a further 12,000 prisoners in their retreat from Stalingrad.

NOVEMBER 27. – The French Fleet scuttles itself at Toulon as Hitler’s troops enter the port. Large German forces are trapped at Stalingrad. Fifty-one Axis aircraft are destroyed in the fighting in Tunisia, where the British First Army occupied Tebourba, 15 miles from Tunis.

NOVEMBER 29. – The Red Army breaks through German defences on the Don, and launches a new offensive on the central front, west of Moscow. Another heavy raid on Turin.

Citation

“Mr Churchill's warning to Italy, Italy mutiny at Piraeus and November 1942,” IBCC Digital Archive, accessed December 8, 2022, https://ibccdigitalarchive.lincoln.ac.uk/omeka/collections/document/21966.

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