Evidence in Camera Vol 4 No 1

MMcDermottC1119618-161216-01.pdf

Title

Evidence in Camera Vol 4 No 1

Description

A magazine with a collection of aerial photographs showing bombing damage in Germany, Industrial areas, railway stations, a port, a night fighter airfield, a factory, coastal defences at Cherbourg, catapult ships, Fiat G12 aircraft and a mystery photograph.

Date

1943-07-05

Temporal Coverage

Language

Type

Format

28 page booklet

Rights

This content is available under a CC BY-NC 4.0 International license (Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0). It has been published ‘as is’ and may contain inaccuracies or culturally inappropriate references that do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the University of Lincoln or the International Bomber Command Centre. For more information, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ and https://ibccdigitalarchive.lincoln.ac.uk/omeka/legal.

Contributor

Identifier

MMcDermottC1119618-161216-01

Transcription

[Inserted] F/Lt Johnst[indecipherable] [/Inserted]

evidence in camera

[picture]

Issued by

AIR MINISTRY A.C.A.S.(1).

VOLUME 4 NUMBER 1 JULY 5TH. 1943

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

[page break]

EVIDENCE IN CAMERA

1. This O.U.O. document may be issued to Officers' Mess and Station Reference Libraries. (K.R. & A.C.I. 882.2236(c). 2287.)

2. The only legitimate use which may be made of official documents or information derived from them is for the furtherance of the public service in the performance of official duties.

3. The publication of official documents, information from them, reproduction of extracts or their use for personal controversy, or for any private or public purpose without due authority is a breach of official trust under the OFFICIAL SECRETS ACTS. 1911 and 1920, and will be dealt with accordingly. (K.R. & A.C.I. 1071, 1072, 2238).

4. Copies not required for record purposes should be disposed of as Secret Waste in accordance with A.M.O. A.411/41.

SEE FURTHER INSTRUCTIONS ON BACK OF COVER.

[page break]

[cartoon]
He has to let it out – you don't.

1

[page break]

PHOTOGRAPHIC RECONNAISSANCE OF GREAT R.A.F. ATTACK ON DUSSELDORF
[photograph]
Industrial and residential damage caused in the night attack on DUSSELDORF (11/12.6.43) was extremely heavy and no less than 1,500 acres of devastation is recorded on reconnaissance photographs. The central part of the city lying between the river and the railway suffered severely and this photograph shows a typical area of devastation around Graf Adolf Platz. Many business premises and offices are centred in this closely packed area and despite the broad streets the fires must have been completely out of control.

2

[page break]

[photograph]
Almost all the transhipment sheds, warehouses and goods station buildings of the marshalling yard at DUSSELDORF/DERENDORF were destroyed. Very few undamaged buildings can be seen in this area of business and commercial premises.

3

[page break]

[photograph]
DUSSELDORF. Factories engaged in important war work were also severely damaged. Although part of the damage at Klöcknerwerke A.G., wire products, (A) was sustained previously the major portion was caused in the attack of 11/12.6.43. Other damaged industrial premises include Hein Lehmann u. ver Kesselwerke A.G., boiler engineers, (C) and Deutsche Röhrenwerke A.G., Oberbilk, steel tubes (D), also severely damaged previously.

4

[page break]

[photograph]
Repairs on the DUSSELDORF Main Railway Station, damaged at (A) by a 4,000 lb. bomb in September, 1942 (See Page 53, Vol. 1, No. 2) and again (B) in an attack early 1943, were incomplete when further hits were made on 11/12.6.43. The Express Goods Depot (C) and the Parcels Office (D) were severely damaged and the Main Station Hall (E) is roofless. Other damaged buildings include the Post Office (F) and the factories of Schless-Defries A.G., machine tools (G), and Press u. Walzwerk A.G. (H).

5

[page break]

[photograph]
FURTHER DEVASTATION IN DUSSELDORF
Another area of devastation to the south-east of the city where industrial buildings join the business/residential area.

6

[page break]

[photograph]
An area to the South of DUSSELDORF (arrows) appears to have been the centre of a large explosion and suggests the site of an explosives store. A large area in the vicinity has been damaged by blast. The paper factory (A) of Schulte u. Zinken at Bilk has been severely damaged, while another large area of damage (B) is seen at and around R. Woeste u. Co. (fittings).

7

[page break]

FIRST HEAVY ATTACK ON WUPPERTAL
[photograph]
In the first heavy attack on WUPPERTAL (29/30.5.43) very heavy damage was caused, chiefly in BARMEN where upwards of a thousand acres were devastated. Factories and public buildings were destroyed in this congested valley engaged in producing textiles, small machinery and tools. Among the scores of damaged buildings in Barmen are those of Vorwerk and Co., manufacturers of light machinery (A), the Town Hall (B), the Power Station (C) and the Rathaus Station (D) on the Overhead Railway.

8

[page break]

FACTORIES DAMAGED IN CONGESTED VALLEY
[photograph]
BARMEN-RITTERSHAUSEN Railway Station was devastated. The Passenger Station (A) and Goods Station (B) have been wrecked and numerous small factories are included in this large area of destruction. The terminus of the Overhead Railway (C) is surrounded by the shells of buildings.

9

[page break]

LE CREUSOT STEELWORKS SEVERELY DAMAGED
[photograph]
More than thirty medium or large buildings of the armament and locomotive works of Schneider et Cie, LE CREUSOT, were damaged in the R.A.F. attack on 19/20.6.43. At the Processing Works, the Forging Shop (A) and Turbine or Tank Construction Shop (B) were extensively damaged by H.E. The Bar Stores and other buildings (C), damaged in the previous R.A.F. attack, were destroyed or badly damaged. Other seriously damaged workshops included the Heavy Forging Department and Armour Plate Bending Shop (D) and Rolling Mills (E and F). Damage to the two Rolling Mills covers an area of approximately 14,000 sq. yds.

10

[page break]

[photograph]
The main building (A) of LE CREUSOT Steelworks was damaged by direct hits over an area of 4,000 sq. yds. while the Light Forging Shops (B) were also hit. The Boiler and Locomotive Shops (C) were wrecked over approximately 75 per cent. of their combined area; other buildings are razed and still burning.

11

[page break]

KNOW YOUR PORTS RUHRORT
Largest Inland Harbour in Europe

[photograph]
[inserted] River Rhine
Ruhrort N Sidings
Nordhafen
Südhafen
Vinckekanal
Kaiserhafen
Kaiserhafen
Dock Holding Sidings
Ruhrort Neu
Hofenkanal
Becken A
Becken B
Becken C
RHINE-HERNE CANAL
RIVER RUHR
Duisburg G.A.F. Station [/inserted]

Development of iron and steel, heavy engineering and other industries in Duisburg necessitated the construction and repeated expansion of the DUISBURG-RUHRORT Harbour. Ruhrort Harbour is the largest inland port in Europe, if not in the world. Its situation at the confluences of the Rivers Rhine and Ruhr and in the centre of the Western boundary of the Ruhr industrial area gives it great importance. More goods are transferred here from rail to water and water to rail than anywhere else in the Ruhr or Rhineland.

12 and 13

[page break]

[photograph]
NIGHT FIGHTER AIRFIELD DEVELOPMENT

Constructional work on this airfield near FLORENNES, Belgium, has been extensive during the past nine months. Inset photograph shows construction in an early stage. A few months later considerable progress has been made. The runway (A) has been completed and two additional runways were being prepared. A dispersal area (B) was under construction with villa type shelters. Surfacing of perimeter track and construction of a large hangar (C) had also taken place. A quarry (D) has been filled in with spoil excavated from the runway sites.

14

[page break]

[photograph]
This photograph of FLORENNES airfield taken a few weeks after that one on the preceding page shows extraordinary progress. Levelling is nearing completion; the runways are practically finished and partly toned down. Turfs have been removed from adjoining fields (A) to make a grass surface for the landing area. An additional dispersal area (B) is being prepared and constructional details of the villa type hangers (C) can be seen. A number of Me. 110s parked on the now complete servicing tarmac (D) and elsewhere show that the airfield is already in use. (E) Crashed Dornier aircraft.

15

[page break]

[photograph]

[boxed] MODERN BERLIN FACTORY [/boxed]

[photograph]
The Herbert Lindner factory in the Wittenau suburb of BERLIN produces machine tools. The factory, seen from the air photograph on the opposite page, is of modern design and built to provide the best and safest working conditions possible. Spacious grounds were laid out around the original building and maximum light is obtained through the large windows running the whole length of the building.

These two photographs were taken from the positions (A) and (B) indicated on the opposite vertical view. Beneath the administrative office block (above) run the employees' canteen and rest room.

[photograph]

16

[page break]

[photograph]
Herbert Lindner Factory, BERLIN
Considerable additions have been made to the original plant (C) since the photographs on the opposite page were taken. The gantry crane and loading bay adjoining the railway sidings are visible at the stockyard (D). The jig boring equipment manufactured at the factory is vital to the German aircraft industry.

17

[page break]

DEFENCES IN CHERBOURG AREA

[photograph]
Considerable construction of coastal defences is taking place at MAUPERTUS, near CHERBOURG. These defences, serviced by a light railway, include numerous concrete casement shelters (A) in various stages of construction, cable trench (B) and a storage dump (C). There is also a three gun light flak position (D) and a 60 cm. searchlight (E).

18

[page break]

COASTAL DEFENCE BATTERY AT CHERBOURG

[photograph]
An eight gun A.A. Coastal Defence battery has been constructed on CHERBOURG Quai. Gun emplacements (A), three unoccupied, have been built on top of concrete shelters. Further concrete shelters (B) are for personnel, ammunition, etc. The gun positions are joined by cable trenches (C) and the whole position is defended by light flak (D) and wire (E). Further installations include R.G.L. (Radio Gun Laying) shelters (F) and a stores dump (G).

19

[page break]

[photograph]

[boxed] CATAPULT SHIPS [/boxed]

There are five catapult ships in the German Navy. Three of these have been specially built and two are converted merchantmen. The Germans use these ships in Northern waters probably to catapult reconnaissance aircraft from them. A crane is usually carried at the after end of the catapult.

[photograph]
Top: OSTMARK I (243 ft. o.a). The catapult on the centre line extends about four-fifths of the ship's total length. Note the square gun positions on each side of the catapult.

Centre: A pre-war oblique photograph of the OSTMARK I.

[photograph]
Left: OSTMARK II (325 ft. o.a.). The catapult extends almost the full length of the deck. Circular gun positions on each side of the catapult are well forward. The aircraft are Bv 138s.

20

[page break]

Right: WESTFALEN (409 ft. o.a.), a converted merchant vessel. The catapult extends almost the full length of the deck but is on the starboard side. Note the gun positions.
[photograph]

[photograph]
Above: FRIESENLAND (455 ft. o.a.). The catapult extends along the port side abaft the superstructure.

Right: SCHWABENLAND (468 ft. o.a.), a converted merchant vessel. The catapult is also on the port side aft of the superstructure.
[photograph]

21

[page break]

[photograph]

[boxed] MILITARY TRANSPORT FIAT G.12 [/boxed]

The Fiat G.12. originally designed as an airliner, is now used as a military transport.

Above: A captured G.12 (left) with typical Italian mottled camouflage, now bears R.A.F. wing markings. With it is a Ju. 52.

[photograph]
Right: G.12s (arrows) at the Fiat factory at TURIN.

[photograph]
G.12s (A) are fairly frequently seen at Italian air bases. The other aircraft are S.M.82s (B) and an S.M.81 (C).

22

[page break]

DAMAGE TO FRIEDRICHSHAFEN FACTORY

[photograph]
The important light metal casting works of Luftschiffbau Zeppelin G.m.b.H., reported to be making wireless components and mines, were severely damaged by H.E. bombs in the attack on FRIEDRICHSHAFEN by Bomber Command on 20/21.6.43. An area (A) of about three acres was devastated and there was damage to the giant hangar in which Zeppelins were formerly built. Direct hits and near misses caused extensive damage to other large buildings, including that under construction (B).

23

[page break]

PROBLEM PICTURE

[photograph]
WHAT IS THIS?
Answer at Foot of This Page.

[boxed] ANSWER TO PROBLEM PICTURE ABOVE.
Whirlpool in TINGVOLDFJORD (South of KRISTIANSUND). [/boxed]

24

[page break]

(4362) 51-9832. 2900. 5/7/43. 45.246.
C. & E. LAYTON LTD. London, E.C.4.

[PAGE BREAK]

EVIDENCE IN CAMERA

This weekly document will consist of a collection of illustrations varying in number in each issue according to the quantity of material of sufficient interest and suitable for reproduction that is received.

2. Requests for material to be included in this document should be submitted to Command Headquarters, who, after consideration, will submit them to Air Ministry, A.D.I.(Ph.). Any useful suggestions as regards contents will receive full consideration and will be welcomed.

3. Distribution is carried out by the Air Ministry (A.I. I) and any requests for fewer or additional copies must be made through Group Headquarters who will ensure the maximum possible economy.

4. Under no circumstances must any of the illustrations be reproduced by Units in the British Isles. Further copies can be printed from the existing blocks and independent photographic reproduction would be a waste of material and labour to the detriment of the National War Effort.

5. The distribution of photographs to the general public is carried out through the Press who are supplied with photographs which have been specially selected for their general interest and have been published after careful consideration by the Security Branch and by the Ministry of Information; it is therefore unnecessary as well as undesirable to communicate any of the contents of this document, either directly or by discussion in public places, to persons not enjoying the privilege of serving in H.M. Forces.

6. The document has not been officially graded as Secret or Confidential in order that the widest distribution may be given, but Commanding Officers should use their discretion to ensure that the appropriate information is available only to those whose work will benefit.

7. The necessity for security cannot be over emphasised, for although this document is not marked Secret some of its contents may occasionally be of value to the enemy. Every care must be taken to prevent such information being disclosed.

Collection

Citation

Great Britain. Air Ministry, “Evidence in Camera Vol 4 No 1,” IBCC Digital Archive, accessed June 21, 2024, https://ibccdigitalarchive.lincoln.ac.uk/omeka/collections/document/27321.

Item Relations

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