Malcolm Staves' Notebook on Radio Operations

MStavesME203137-160226-28.pdf

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Malcolm Staves' Notebook on Radio Operations

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Notes written by Malcolm Staves during his wireless operators training course.

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One notebook with handwritten notes

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This content is available under a CC BY-NC 4.0 International license (Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0). It has been published ‘as is’ and may contain inaccuracies or culturally inappropriate references that do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the University of Lincoln or the International Bomber Command Centre. For more information, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ and https://ibccdigitalarchive.lincoln.ac.uk/omeka/legal.

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MStavesME203137-160226-28

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No. 1591418 STAVES, M.E. COURSE 86.

[underlined] “GEN” [/underlined]

Form 619.

ROYAL AIR FORCE.

Notebook for use in Schools.

91/3471. Wt.3390. 900M. Bks. 8/42. J.D. & Co. Ltd.

[page break]

[Blank page]

[page break]

[underlined] H/F D/F ORGANISATION [/underlined]

[underlined] BLOCK LETTERS [/underlined] NAVIGATIONAL AID ONLY = TYPE 1 FLYING [missing text]
BLOCK LETTERS PRACTICE TYPE 1 FLYING [missing text]
SMALL LETTERS PRACTICE no Bomber Code = OK for AP1927
X BLOCK LETTERS EMERGENCY ONLY

[underlined] QDM’S [/underlined] When tuning back approx. to an HF/DF stn ask for a freq check when calling stn up.

[underlined] QDY [/underlined] Your magnetic course to steer with zero wind to reach me is 190° There is a balloon barrage within 60 miles of me on that track

[underlined] JBY 90 [/underlined] There is a balloon barrage 90 mls away from me on that track

[underlined] JBY 50 – 100 1020 K [/underlined] There are balloon barrages at 50 and 100 miles from me on that track

[underlined] Series of QDM’s [/underlined] – c/s v c/s QDL – QDM K
This is generally when A/C wants to home to a drome when in an emergency.
When wanting to land at another drome
When A/C is in trouble always send message in Bomber Code to the drome stating the emergency.

[page break]

[underlined] BASE FREQUENCIES. [/underlined]

[underlined] LOCALS [/underlined] 1CJ 4520 K/U.
[underlined] X COUNTRY [/underlined] Z6v 8945 K/U
to pass messages to flying control

To relieve the main HF/DF stn of extra work
BASE D/F H3D 4185 K/U

[underlined] Collective Call signs. [/underlined]
92 Group x/c. JYS[symbol]
BULLSEYE. SDS[symbol]
NICKELS & A/S/R LZZ[symbol]
16 OTU x/c NJW[symbol]

[page break]

[underlined] M/F D/F ORGANISATION [/underlined]

[a] [underlined] 16 SECTIONS [/underlined] [b] [underlined] BY DAY AND NIGHT [/underlined] [c] [underlined] AIR SEA RESCUE [/underlined]
[a] DC8 [symbol] C/S I[symbol]T QTF K [b] C Section [c] SECTION J
[a] C/S [symbol] DC8 R. I[symbol]T QTG K [b] F Section
[a] DC8 [symbol] C/S R. C/S – [b] L Section
[a] C/S [symbol] DC8 R. QTF [b] [underlined] M [/underlined] Section
[a] DC8 [symbol] C/S R [symbol] [b] R (0800 to 1800 only)

[a] [underlined] BY DAY OR WHEN SPECIALLY BRIEFED [/underlined] [b] [underlined] ONLY WHEN BRIEFED. [/underlined]
[a] B SECTION [b] A SECTION
[a] D SECTION [b] G SECTION
[a] E SECTION [b] H SECTION
[a] K SECTION [b] [underlined] N [/underlined] SECTION
[a] O SECTION
[a] Q SECTION

[underlined] WHEN TO IDENTIFY ON MF/DF [/underlined]
1. IFF U/S
2. When approaching coast below 2000 feet
3. When approaching coast 20/30 miles off track
4. When approaching British Isles from N or W of Shetlands
5. If returning Early or Late (about 30 mins).
6. If accompanied by an unidentified aircraft.

[underlined] Identification [/underlined]

M/F C/S [symbol] A/C C/S QTC K
C/S [symbol] C/S RK
C/S [symbol] C/S [underlined] 15 secs [/underlined] C/S K
[underlined] OR [/underlined] C/S [symbol] C/S I[symbol]T QTF [underlined] 15 sec [/underlined] C/S K
C/S [symbol] C/S. QTF – 1206N – 1540E – 1 = 1020 K.
C/S [symbol] C/S R [symbol]

[page break]

[underlined] FIXES [/underlined]

1st Class 2 1st Class [indecipherable word]
2nd Class 1 1st Class [indecipherable word] & 2 others of 2nd or 3rd
3rd Class [indecipherable word] but 1st Class [indecipherable word]

If M/F Section is being called by a member of A/C at the same time Control will send to his other stations the following so that the A/C will know in what order to call the control.

[Call signs]

[underlined] DISTRESS PROCEDURE [/underlined] [underlined] [symbol] IFF DISTRESS [/underlined]

[underlined] NONE IMMEDIATE [/underlined]

[Call signs]

[underlined] IMMEDIATE [/underlined]

[Call signs]

[page break]

[Blank page]

[page break]

[Blank page]

[page break]

[underlined] PROCEDURE FOR LOCAL AND X-COUNTRY FLIGHTS [/underlined]

COLLECT FOLLOWING FROM DSO – BOMBER CODE – BOMBER COVER – N/F & H/F D/F FLIMSY – BEACON SCHEDULE – VERIFICATION CARD – LOG BOOK – AP 1927 3026 (2 CODE).

NOTE BASIC QFE & SEE W/T BOARD FOR LIST OF W/T STNS WHICH ARE U/S

CHECK ALL A/C W/T EQUIPMENT ETC BEFORE TAKE OFF AFTER AIRBORNE CHECK AGAIN.

[underlined] LOCAL. [/underlined]

MUST ALWAYS CONTACT BASE D/F H3D and BASE OPS 1CJ every hour. Base D/F QDM BASE OPS FREQ CHECK.

Listen out to Broadcast from 1CJ at the 1 hr + 10 mins and 1 hr + 40 mins. Pilot should be informed after every broadcast.

[underlined] X-COUNTRY [/underlined]

Same Procedure as Local until Airborne

Airborne Signal – z6v [symbol] C/S Position Base 1020 K

Over to H3D Get QDM

Every hour Position message must be sent to z6v (Base Ops) If cannot get through call up W/T Stn in 92 group or Hixham [sic] or Ossington (93 group), and ask them to transmit message to base (QJK) [deleted] (If can’t get them call away TYPE 1 F.G.) [/deleted]

Listen out to all Group B/Casts V3A 3550 K/U at the usual times. If B/Cast missed go over to Base ops z6v at 1 hr + 25 mins and 1 hr + 55 mins.

Then obtain as many contacts & loops as possible

When over sea Trailing AE must be reeled out and

[Call signs]

[page break]

M/F section turned up on Tx. (Can get QMF if desired). When over sea must get M/F contact every hour.

When crossing coast to sea must always get a QDM from W/T stn nearest or one allotted to A/C. must not go out to sea until obtained. (Also send pos. messg [sic] to base 10 mins before crossing coast.)

[underlined] Message to Base with Position:- [/underlined]

[Call signs]
If using Bomber Code a day old always start message with = 99 [underlined] 14 [/underlined].

If cannot get QDM before going out to sea from the allotted Hf/DF stn send position message to base.

If an emergency over sea and cannot get own M/F section can call up any M/F section [underlined] QFE [/underlined] in Bomber Code – Request Station Barometric Pressure (Own Drome)

Asking [underlined] another [/underlined] drome for QFE – Send in B/Code

Request [underlined] Diversion [/underlined] Station Barometric Pressure

[page break]

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[page break]

Blank page

[page break]

[underlined] DAILY INSPECTIONS. [/underlined]

1/ [underlined] External Check of Aerials [/underlined] 1154/55 TR1196 IFF. GEE. SBA.
See that all strands are connected. Clear of rust. Tightness.

[underlined] Inside Check of Aerials [/underlined]
Security of insulations and leads. Check SBA. [symbol] locking.
Check to see if 2 trailing [symbol] Reel out 20 [deleted] yards [/deleted] feet to see if wire is frayed. Security [symbol] Plunger O.K.

2/ [underlined] R1154/55. [/underlined] – Take Ace readings on N CE.
Check for Security, cleanliness, and that all plugs and connections are O.K. Check Supply Plugs and leads. Tune Rx on all Ranges and tune in a loop D/F stn and take Bearing on Visual & Aural. See that plug to loop [symbol] is secure.

Tune full Ranges of Tx & see that dip and aerial current is normal. Valve emmission [sic] test on yellow range 400 K/U reading 200 amps.

See that spare 750 m/a fuses are carried on Tx.

Check to see if fuse is carried in case of Type 52 Res fracture. Check Longdex Relay for change in note on Stand by.

3/ [underlined] A1134 [/underlined]
Change Acc. 2v14a & test voltage of HT battery.
Should not be less than 110 volts (one lead to 4 pin plug and other earthed).
Security of leads and plugs. Then test all intercomm [sic] positions for good volume, and security
Check all call lights. Rotate R/Gunners turret to see if i/c is O.K. Test Emergency R/G’s lead.

[page break]

Check the S.B.A. on BA position [underlined] ie [/underlined] see that the meter works. Check the i/c on MIX & i/c positions.
Test the Emergency i/c
Test the TR1196 on D and A Ranges
[underlined] ie [/underlined] Critic from Mixer Zebra – how do you hear me? over.
Test the Aldis Lamp.

[page break]

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[page break]

[underlined] DINGHY SEARCH – SIGHTING REPORTS. [/underlined]

[underlined] PROCEDURE AT OTU [/underlined]

[underlined] Sighting Dinghy [/underlined]

Call allotted M/F section & inform them in B/Code.
I.F.F. ON and switch to “Distress”. Inform Section “J” circling Dinghy with IFF to Distress
Call sign of all ASR launches – MHB followed by 2 figures over 46 – Launches identify by flashing identification No. Either Launch homes to A/C or A/C gives launch Q.D.M’s when crew is taken aboard dinghy inform Section “J” IFF OFF and returning to base.

[underlined] ORGANISED SEARCH [/underlined]

[underlined] A/C W/T [/underlined] C/S – WCF + 2 figures eg WCF49
[underlined] A/C R/T [/underlined] C/S PLAINSONG + 2 figures eg Plainsong 49.
ASR launch W/T MHB + ident figures (on deck)
ASR launch R/T C/S SEAGULL + ident figures on deck.
Collective C/S of 92 group LZZC
Base to coast normal cross-country procedure
Allotted an M/F section “D” for 16 OTU sometimes section “K”
Over the sea Sect “J” 30N on 385 K/cs.
B/Cast on Sect “J” for 5 mins at 1 hr & 1/2 hr ([indecipherable words] C/S (No figures))
Listen out on Group Freq and on 500 K/cs for remainder of time. W/T ident on 500 K/cs at 1 hr + 15 and 1 hr + 45
Send message to Sect “J” – Fix on B/Code IFF to DISTRESS & maintain height and inform Sect “J”
Call surface craft using MHB on 500 K/cs AP 1927 or PL A.S.R. launch either asks for

[page break]

C/S and – to home to A/C or sends e/s v – for A/C to send him QDM’s
If navigational aid required eg Fix, must call up Section “D” and use own A/C C/S. Then working normal with the AGR C/S.

[underlined] When sending “GEE” FIX [/underlined]

Northern NO
North Eastern NE
Eastern EA
Channell CH
Southern SO
S. Western SW

“Sent in G co-ordinates and sent in two 7 character groups followed by the Chain letter”

[page break]

[Blank page]

[page break]

[a] CHAIN [b] SERIES [c] R/F [d] STUD [e] ALD [f] BLINKS [g] PULSES
[a] EASTERN [b] 2 [c] 25 [d] 5 [e] 1 [f] 2 [g] ABCD SW Germany Rads
[a] SOUTHERN [b] 3 [c] 25/24 [d] 1/2 [e] 1/2 [f] 3 [g] ABC France
[a] NORTHERN [b] 4 [c] 25 [d] 1 [e] 1 [f] – [g] ABCD Iceland & Norway
[a] N EASTERN [b] 6 [c] 25 [d] 2 [e] 1 [f] 1 [g] ABC N & NW Germany
[a] S WESTERN [b] 5 [c] 24 [d] 3 [e] 3 [f] – [g] W France & Atlantic

[Diagram and text]

[page break]

[Blank page]

[page break]

[underlined] R/T PROCEDURE [/underlined]

[underlined] PHRASES FOR USE OF A/C [/underlined]

STARTER. [underlined] MEANS. [/underlined] Starter Battery required
SPARKS [underlined] MEANS. [/underlined] |I require Wireless Mechanic
PLUMBER [underlined] MEANS. [/underlined] I require Engineer
ALEC [underlined] MEANS. [/underlined] I require Electrician
CLOCK [underlined] MEANS. [/underlined] I require Instrument Repairer
BOGGED [underlined] MEANS. [/underlined] Bogged No 2 North End
DUNLOP [underlined] MEANS. [/underlined] I have tyre trouble (dispersal)
HYDRO [underlined] MEANS. [/underlined] I have Hydraulic trouble & require assistance
BROWNING [underlined] MEANS. [/underlined] I require Armourer
CONJUROR [underlined] MEANS. [/underlined] I require Radar mechanic
BOTTLE [underlined] MEANS. [/underlined] I require air bottle

[Page break]

Signalling in a Wimpy
1/ Navigation Lights
2. Identification Lights
3. [Indecipherable word] Lights
4. Aldis Lamp
5. Verey Pistol
6. Call Lights System

Call Light Code
AAA. – Enemy A/C Sighted
Dashes of 5 secs. – All Clear
Series of Dots – Commence to corkscrew to port.
Series of Dashes – Commence to corkscrew to starboard.
A long dash until upon big pilot means Resume Normal Flying
A Slow NNN. – Send member of crew to Rear Turret.

[page break]

[underlined] Radio Counter-Measures [/underlined]

[a] [underlined] Method [/underlined] [b] [underlined] Counter Measure [/underlined]
[a] FREYA Radio location [b] mandril
[a] WUERZBERG/AI } Searchlight(Blue)(Radio Controlled)/Searchlight on fighter { CARPET(PFFF)/WINDOWS/BOOZER
[a] AI [b] Ground Grocer
[a] R/T – HF [b] TINSEL
[a] R/T VHF/BENITO } [b] {AIRBORNE CIGAR/GROUND CIGAR
[a] RUNNING COMMENTARY (HF) [b] CORONA
[a] [deleted words] [b] SPECIAL TINSEL
[a] W/T RUNNING COMMENTARY (HF) [b] W/T CORONA
[a] RUNNING COMMENTARY (MF) [b] DART BOARD

GEE
H2S
MONICA
VISUAL MONICA
FISH POND

[page break]

[Blank Page]

[page break]

[underlined] Parachute Drill [/underlined]

1/ [underlined] NORMAL BALE OUT [/underlined]
This method should only be used when the capt. is sure he can control the A/C in flight for at least another 5 mins. On all other occasions use (2) The Emergency Bale Out.

[underlined] The NORMAL BALE OUT [/underlined]
1/ Capt. gives crew the order “Put on Parachutes” and gives height. (ie) Put on Parachutes 4000 feet.
2/ All crew acknowledge the warning & fasten on parachute.
3/ Navigator warns wireless operator & then moves forward to release Air Bomber from the front turret.
4/ All crew move forward to the front escape hatch with the exception of the rear gunner who remains in his turret with guns to port.
5/ Navigator informs crew of the aproximate [sic] position of A/C.
6/ Wireless Op. then transmits message & Mid Upper jettisons Trailing [symbol]
7. When the captain wishes the crew to abandon A/C he gives the order to each member of the crew individually eg. Hello Wireless Op. Jump Jump.
8/ All crew will acknowledge the order before leaving A/C eg. Hello Capt. Wop. Jumping.
9/ Captain trims the A/C & is the last to leave.

[page break]

[underlined] Emergency Bale Out [/underlined]
1/ Capt. gives the order Abandon A/C Emergency Jump Jump 4000 feet or indicated height.
2/ All crew acknowledge order. Navigator informs W/OP & after fastening on parachute moves forward to release Bomb Aimer from front turret.
3/ All crew with the exception of Rear Gunner move to escape hatches (those forward of main spar leave through main hatch. Those aft of main spar leave through diamond escape hatch.)
4/ Rear Gunner will acknowledge order rotate turret with guns to port, calling out “Rear Gunner going” as he leaves the A/C
5/ Capt trims A/C and is the last to leave.

[underlined] NOTE [/underlined] Before leaving A/C crew should fasten on parachutes & then take off their helmets. On receiving the order to Abandon they should stand on the rear side of hatch facing forward & leave head first.

[page break]

[underlined] DINGHY LAYOUT [/underlined]

[Diagram]

[underlined] Additional (inside Kite) [/underlined]
Dinghy Radio
Type 4 Pack
Kite Container

[underlined] To Release Dinghy [/underlined]
1/ Pull toggle on Starboard side of mainspar.
2/ Pull toggle on Starboard side of Wing.
3/ Pull Wire on op head (Axe to break cover on wing)
4/ Immersion Switch
5/ Use axe to get dinghy out and inflate up with bellows.

[underlined] Distances of Transmission with Radio [/underlined]
[Calculations]

[page break]

[underlined] DINGHY DRILL FOR WOP [/underlined]

[underlined] Positition [sic] for Ditching [/underlined]
Navigators table facing aft Feet against bulkhead
Hands clasped at back of head & ears. On Intercomm [sic]

[underlined] Actions [/underlined]
1/ At Set.
2/ Acknowledge DDD on call light & take Distress Signals action
3/ Pass Fix to Nav [calculation] Continue distress signals action if time permits
4. On [indecipherable word] from NAV establish intercomm [sic] with Pilot (WOP Standing By) Then back on set and carry on with Distress Sigs Action.
5/ Transmit A/C C/S Clamp Key. Remove Chute Harness. Loosen collar & lie (if room) Take up ditching stn. On intercomm [sic] with Pilot. (Ditching stn Wop).
6/ Disconnect I/C Brace for impact.

7/ A/C Ditches
8/ Go Aft. Assist NAV with emergency equipment.
9/ Get out by Astro Hatch (3rd) & inflate Mae West.
10/ Board Dinghy & get knife.
11/ Cut painter on Capts order.
12/ Set up Dinghy Radio on C’s orders & commence Transmitting. (Time for Transmission – 1/4 to and 1/4 past the hour)

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Collection

Citation

Malcolm Staves, “Malcolm Staves' Notebook on Radio Operations,” IBCC Digital Archive, accessed July 18, 2024, https://ibccdigitalarchive.lincoln.ac.uk/omeka/collections/document/11386.

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