Albert Cluett's armourers training notebook. Two

MCluettAV120946-150515-16.pdf

Title

Albert Cluett's armourers training notebook. Two

Description

Notes and diagrams on pyrotechnics, smoke bombs and generators, smoke curtain and anti-landing apparatus, armament documentation (forms), explosive regulations, demolition, detonators, depth charges, fuses, bomb carriers and flares.

Publisher

IBCC Digital Archive

Rights

This content is available under a CC BY-NC 4.0 International license (Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0). It has been published ‘as is’ and may contain inaccuracies or culturally inappropriate references that do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the University of Lincoln or the International Bomber Command Centre. For more information, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ and https://ibccdigitalarchive.lincoln.ac.uk/omeka/legal.

Format

One notebook

Language

Type

Identifier

MCluettAV120946-150515-16

Coverage

Conforms To

Transcription

[underlined]1209045 AC2. CLUETT A.V.[/underlined] (Book 2)
27 COURSE 7 SQUAD
[underlined] HUT. 2.36 [/underlined]
[page break]

3RD. 3.41.P.M. [underlined] Pyrotechnigs [sic][/underlined]
[underlined] Signal Carbon Cartridge[/underlined]
TYPES SINGLE STAR. 3 RED. YELLOW GREEN
CHANGE ¨ 2 YELLOW-RED. YELLOW-GREEN
DOUBLE ¨ 6 RED YELLOW. GREEN.
RR. GG YY GY GR.YR
SMOKE PUFFS WHITE + BROWN
ILLUMINATING
[underlined] Action[/underlined] When the precussion [sic] cap is struck the flare ignites the powder charge ∴
[underlined] 120lb Smoke Bomb [/underlined] (2 in S.B.C.) 864 Fuze.
[illustration of a smoke bomb]
[underlined] 864 [/underlined] FUZE [/underlined] LIKE SMALL 38 FUZE FOR 30lb Mk1 INCD
[underlined] FUZING. [/underlined] 9x1oz. 1 DRAM GUN POWDER CHARGES IN POCKET
SCREW IN FUZE. – 20 MINS BURNING. SCREEN 250 YDS.
T.V. 900 FT.P.SEC. NOT DROP ON WATER BELOW 1000ft
IF HARD TARGET BELOW 300ft. ON IMPACK [sic] BOMB BLOWS BACK UP FROM 20FT TO 500FT (WITH CHARGE)
[underlined] MARINE MARKER MK II [/underlined] 19lbs (BOTTOM RED TOP YELLOW)
SMOKE & FLAME FOR 2HRS. (FOR MARKING SEA TARGET) ON L.S. CARRIER USE No. 17 SUP. BAND. [underlined] FILLED [/underlined] WITH CALCIUM PHOSPHIDE – MAGNESIUM ALUMINIUM PHOSPHIDE – POTASSIUM BISULPHATE – + SODIUM NITRITE.
[page break]

[underlined] 100lb SMOKE BOMB[/underlined]
854 Mk I FUZE [underlined]GROUP XI[/underlined]
100lb SMOKE BOMB SAME SHAPE & SIZE AS 65 L.C. BOMB.
COLOUR GREEN (TIN.) SMOKE WHITE
[cross section of a fuse]
[two parallel ruled lines drawn across page]
SMOKE GENERATORS.
Nº 5 MKS 1 & II ROUND TIN – MATCH IGNITER. A TO GROUND – G. TO AIR. [underlined] (GROUP XI)[/underlined] 6-8 MINS WHITE
Nº 6 MK II. (WITH FLAME TRAP.) AIR TO GROUND (ORANGE SMOKE) OVER 200FT. 2½ MINS.
Nº. 11 (WITH CAMERA OBSCURA) 3 ONLY ON L.S. CARRIER (JET. BEFORE LANDING) (ELECT.) 55SECS. ORANGE
Nº 15. (MOTOR BOATS) (ELECT) CAP & SCREW BOTTOM 8 MINS WHITE.
Nº 18 (LARGE ROUND TIN) MOCK WARFARE (PUT ON GAS MASK) 4-6 MINS. WHITE.
[page break]

Smoke Generators AP 1661 (E)
Nº s. 5 Mk. I. Nº 6 MKS I II III. Nº 11 MKS I II. Nº. 15.MKS I.
1. Remove lid. 2. Tear of [sic] match. Compo protecter [sic] and strick [sic] a match across the igniting compo. burns approx. 8 MINS. Precautions generators give of [sic] great heat when burning, so must not be use [sic] in or from A/C
No. 6. Mks. I II III its primary object is to indicate wind speed and direction or in cases of forced landing on drome. smoke [sic] emitted for about 2½ MINS. is visible [deleted] indecipherable word [/deleted] to 4,000FT. [underlined] Preparation [/underlined] before placing in A/C. The igniter cap should be removed and igniter fitted, the safety pin is removed only just before dropping overboard. [underlined] Action [underlined] on impact the striker pellet [sic] after breaking shearing wire strikes the cap of the cartridge base and fires it. The flash produced ignites priming match which in turn ignites the igniter and smoke compo. The Zinc disc is pushed up and the smoke [deleted] indecipherable letter [/deleted] is emitted. [underlined] Precautions [/underlined] it will not function on soft ground if dropped below 200FT. remove [sic] safety pin [deleted] before use, and drop overboard at once. Generators may be left in A/C if igniter is removed. Safety pins must be tested for ease of withdrawl [sic]. Mk II may be stored in A/C
No. 11 MKS I II used as an aid to show position of A/C on practice bombing.
[underlined] Method of use [/underlined] The generator is a cylindrical turned plate container, or cannister [sic] approx 9¨ long. 5¨ diameter, with a lid, it contains a Red smoke compo, the means of ignition is electrical (igniter).
[page break]

[underlined] Method of use [/underlined] it is carried on a EM./LS carrier which has been modified by putting a [sic] additional junction box, and rearrangement of the carriers [sic] wiring. The carrier [deleted] the [/deleted] takes 3 generators, the first 3 selector switches are used, the 4 [sic] is used for [underline] Jettisoning[/underlined]. [underlined] NOTE [/underlined] A great heat is generated when functioning so A/C must not land with these on, so before landing jettison all generators, (on waste land or sea) fired containers remain hot of [sic] 6 hours. Mk. II is similar in design and method but smoke compo is cheaper and burns for 55 Secs. compared with the 30 secs of the Mk. I.
No. 15. Mk. I. This generator is intended to be used on motor-boats for signaling [sic] to A/C, and can be used in place of the No 5, Whenever [sic] electrical ignition is required.
[underlined] Description [/underlined] it consisted of a turned plate canister containing smoke compo, ignited by an electrical igniter, [sic] a lid is provided to protect terminals in transit, it produces White smoke for 8 mins.
[underlined] A/C Reconnaissance flare [/underlined]
4.5¨ 5.5¨ MKS I II + MK I. The 4.5 is used for land reco. the 5.5 for sea.
MK.I 4.5 burns for 3¼ mins
Mk. II 4.5 [underlined] Mk.V [/underlined] ¨ ¨ 3 to 4 mins. 750,000 C.P.
Mk. I 5.5 ¨ ¨ 3¼ to 4¼ mins.
11ft. chute on 4.5 Reco flare, consists of container, No 28 Fuze, [deleted] ijector [/deleted] ijector [sic] charge, candle compo, 3 wood distance pieces, suspension rope dome [?] Can be fitted to L/S of Un.[inserted] 1 & 2, [/inserted] always use long end [?] adaptor.
[page break]

Mk VI 4 MINS DELAY
Mk V. 2 MIN. DELAY.
Fuze. No 35 for 4.5 Reco. Flare MKI. MKIV. 42 or 848 FUZE (860 FUZE).
[underlined] Fuzing test[/underlined] examine seal, then remove fuze, see safety pin is in and fuze set to safe, examine threads and screw locking ring tight to fuze body. Remove nose plug from flare, place leather washer on fuze threads, put thin coat of lutin [?] on, then place threads through hole in lanyard adaptor and screw into flare, ensuring all are in line with lug, holding with key No 123 tighten locking ring with No 89. Put lanyard through front hole of adaptor, through firing plug and up through rear hole, load onto carrier and fix cord to carrier or quick-release pin on Nº 1 ‘A’ attachment. (Fuze delay 3½ secs to 17 secs) set delay to time required then put closing plug into safety pin hole, (give the safety pin to bomb-aimer) now A/C is ready for flight.
[underlined] Action of Fuze:- [/underlined] on leaving the A/C the lanyard pulls the firing plug and two bearings [?] this compress the spring also pulling back the striker so far that the bearings fly free thus allowing the spring to push the striker onto the detonator. The flash from the detonator passes up the channell [sic] to lower time [?] ring, also blowing out gas escape hole disc, the lower ring burns round in a clockwise direction untill [sic] reaching the pellet which ignites the upper ring, [deleted] smudged word [/deleted] burning in an anti-clockwise direction, passing the flash across to the powder pellets in the spigot where it passes through the offset channel thus initiating the magazine, the flash from this passes through fuze bush and ignites the ejection charge which pushes [?] off closing dome, the candle and parachute at the same time igniting the candle. The fuze and case falls to earth.
[page break]

[underlined]Fuze Nº 28 nose of 5.5¨ Flare (Reco).[/underlined]
[underlined]Action[/underlined] on leaving the A/C the firing rod is withdrawn allowing the spring loaded detonator to strike against the striker. The flash from the detonator ignites the powder pellet which blows out the gas escape disc and igniting the upper timing ring which burns in an anti-clockwise direction, then igniting the powder pellet which blows out lower gas-disc and ignites the ring which burns clockwise direction, then igniting the magazine channel, while this taking [sic] place the two vanes have rotated drawing the valve of[sic] its seating so the flash can pass to the magazine (pellet igniting the magazine).
[page break]

[underlined]Smoke Curtain Apparatus Mk. III [/underlined]
S2.D Mixture. Nº 2 and Nº 3 Electric Detonators. Nº 2. RED & WHITE. Nº 3 [deleted] indecipherable word [/deleted] WHITE
[underlined] Preparation for use:-[/underlined] Remove transit covers, place No 2 detonator under clip on bakelite disc in the inlet valve, attach baffle case inlet cord [?], and secure red and white lead of C. Det. to terminals at rear of cord [?]. Secure No 3 C. Det. To bakelite disc with 3 strands of tape at emission tube neck, then attach emission tube, attach the two white leads from Nº 3Det to the leads from junction box. [underlined] Testing be-fore[sic] installation[/underlined] remove junction box cover and all fuzes except one, attach A/C supply leads to tester fuze and move handle, needle should flicker the circuit is not broken. Before fitting in fuzes they should be tested with tester fuze and [underlined] 30 ft [/underlined] of cable. Position of crutches and shoes[?], front inner position rear ‘B’ Type crutch in ‘A’ position. [underlined] To test on A/C [/underlined] put down selector switch and insert one fuze at a time, the Jettison lamp should light. [underlined] Action [/underlined] on pressing firing switch the current passes through junction box, then to each Det, which fires and breaks bakelite disc allowing mixture (S.2.0) [?] to be emitted and air to flow in. 250lb Mk III is similar except the inlet cawl [?] is at end of container also a tail fairing and a small emistion [sic] tube, nr saddle plate, crutches front ‘outer’ rear[?]. ‘B’ Type. A Position, 250lb [?] always carried externally.
When handling S.C. Apparatus always use No 5 protective clothing, also when cleaning out with warm water. Before storing coat threads with mineral jelly.
[page break]

[underlined]Apparatus A.L No 1.) [/underlined] (ANTI LANDING)
[underlined] Stores required [/underlined] operating pole 10’, steel disc, pin spanner & screwdriver (combined), arming tool (can be used as spanner). [underlined] At the station [/underlined] draw[?] for priming 4¾ oz. Gelignite Plastic, Detonator Commercial No 8.12 bore cartridge head, rectifier, and I.R washers:- Consists of Naval Mine B type. ‘C’ for [deleted] obstruction of Satellite and relief landing grounds. The frame work and operating pole 10´ fitted to mine, and when pole is deflected beyond 15º the mine operates, it will stand a 62m.p.h. wind. Frame-work consists of a cage, safety strap & hatch, preventer plates, spigot and operating plate. The mine consists of 20lb Amatol. [underlined] Assemibly [sic] at Depto [?][/underlined] ensure that spring functions between 90 and 100lbs load, lash safety rod in IN position with cord, fix steel disc with special adhesive, and fitting operating frame. 1/16¨ Clearance between operating plate and steel disc. Before dispatching mine for service ensure that (1) preventer plates are closed. (2) the safety pod in and safety strap closed and hook in place, (3) remove cord. (4) Put empty primer unit back in place.
[underlined] Priming Instructions. [/underlined] ensure that preventer plates are closed and safety rod in with safety strap shut and latched. Place mine on its side unscrew bung-nut and remove primer canister; remove inner-nut and insert 4¾ oz. Plastic Gelignite with wrapping, replace inner-nut, outter [sic] bung-nut; at the other end remove retaining ring and copper disc, then reamer [?] hole in gelignite for No 8 commercial detonator. Place det.
[page break]

and 12 bore cartridge cap on head, next I.R. washer, copper disc and finally screw in retaining ring; reinsert primer canister into primer guide tube and screw- up bung-nut.
[underlined] Handling Instructions for transport. [/underlined] ensure preventer plates and safety rod are in correct positions, carry by handles provided, poles [?] to be transported seperatley [sic]: [underlined] Laying out [/underlined] place mine on spot needed, open legs to fullest extent, insert pole and secure with pin and wire, open safety strap, pull safety rod to OUT position, open preventer plates.
[underlined] Collecting [/underlined] Close preventer plates, push in safety rod to IN position secure with safety strap and latch, take of[sic] wire and pin, remove pole 10ft., close legs and carry away by handles provided.
Nº 1 Mk II (Nº 41 PISTOL) KEY 172
20lb AMATOL (BIULT[sic] IN EXPLODER C.E.) OPERATES IN WIND OVER 62 mph – POLE MUST MOVE MORE THAN 15% BEFORE WORKING – 90-100 WORKING SPRING.
Nº 41 PISTOL WITH Nº 43 DET (KEY 172)
[cross section Nº41 A.L. MINE PISTOL]
[page break]

12/3./41.
[underlined] Inspection Forms[/underlined]
[underlined]Form 87.[/underlined] Flame floats & similar stores, inspect annually except when the stores are deteriorated and have been examined by O.C.’s.
[underlined] Form 87[sic] [/underlined] Empty bombs, bomb pistols and Det holders inspected every 3 years
[underlined]Form 1009[/underlined] Bomb components, fuzes, primers & Miscellaneous explosives except gunpowder (in triplicate ).
[underlined]Form 1010[/underlined] Pyrotichnics[sic] except signal cartridges.
[underlined]Form 1011[/underlined] [deleted] [A.S.S] [/deleted] S.A.A & signal cartridges (not incendiaries S.A.A.)
[underlined]Filled Bombs[/underlined] Filled Bombs.
[underlined]Form 1022[/underlined] Reports on failures & defects.
[underlined]Form 1023[/underlined] Returns on failures & defects as one [underlined]Form 1022[/underlined] previously reported and on repetitions.
[underlined]Form 1028[/underlined] Gunpowder & Guncotton (not cordite)
[underlined]Maintenance forms & Records[/underlined]
[underlined]Form 700[/underlined] Aeroplane maintenance form
Record of firing signal mortar. Memorandum & examination chart.
[underlined]Form 1610[/underlined] Report for examination of S. Mortar.
[page break]

[underlined] Explosive Regulations [/underlined] AP 2608.A.
The terms ‘Explosive’ or ‘Explosive Stores’ used in these regulations covers all substances, fuzes & components.
[underlined] Danger Area [/underlined] an enclosure with danger buildings.[sic]
[underlined]Explosive store house[/underlined] (condition rules) a building not under Magazine conditions or regulations. Groups 5 to 13 must be stores. [stored]3 & 4 can be, 1 & 2 must not be.
[underlined] Magazine [/underlined] a hanger[sic] divided into 2 parts, dirty & clean; clean, where stores are kept dirty, shifting lobby[?], 1 & 2 must be stored here, 3 & 4 should be.
[underlined] Fuzing and spare bomb area [/underlined] [deleted] [light [/deleted] buildings [deleted] used for temporary storage of fuzed bombs, plugged bombs can be stored, but bombs must not be fuzed or defuzed here.
[underlined]Fuzing shed[/underlined] (not site) hut or tent used for opening packets of explosives, stores got ready for action, or repacking.
[underlined]Ammunition[/underlined] an enclosed explosive substance designed [sic] to produce explosive effect for warlike purposes either by itself or components.
1 – 2 GROUPS. MAG. CONDITIONS
3 – 4 ¨ ¨ ¨ IF POSSIBLE.
5 – 15 ¨ EXPLOSIVE STOREHOUSES
[page break]

[underlined] Classification and Group of Explosive[sic][/underlined]
[underlined] Reason. [/underlined] Explosive[sic] are graded according to the relative degree of danger they present.
[inserted] considerations [/inserted]
1.[underlined] Difference [/underlined] in nature and sensitiveness, to respond to shock or friction.
2.[underlined] Difference[/underlined] in stability and liability to deterioration
3. [underlined] Convenience[/underlined] in [deleted] [storage [/deleted] storing, packing and issuing, especially under active service conditions.
4. [underlined] Additional precautions[/underlined] required by some explosives, e.g. White Phosphorous and Gas.
[page divided into two columns]
Group I Group III
1 [deleted] [Gunpoder [/deleted] Gunpowder ✓ [deleted] 1. Smokeless powder [/deleted]
2 Exploders (filled.) ✓ 2. CORIDITE [sic] IN BULK
3 Fuzes. Instantaneous. ✓ Group VI
4 Gunpowder Puffs ✓ 1. Wet Guncotton. AMATOL
5 Primers (torppedo[sic] Filled C.E. ✓ N.A Group 5 ------- SHELLS
6. Charges Propellant. ✓ Group VI
[deleted] GROUP II 1. All types of S.A.A. except Incendiary Smokeless Gunpowder 1. Guncotton 2 (Exploders. H.E. C.E. TROTYL. (IN EMY.)
2. Guncotton (Dry) 2. Puffs cordite [?] 3. Fuzes. safe and electric.
3. Coridite [sic] Puffs 3. Primer [?] [/deleted] 4. Fuzes. Bombs and [?] flares
DRY GUN COTTON – GELLIGNITE [sic] 5. Friction tubes. (if on its own)
Group III
[deleted] 1. Smokeless powder [/deleted]
2. CORIDITE [sic] IN BULK
[page break]

Group VII
1. All H.E.s (FILLED)
2. Anti landing Mines
Group VIII
1. Hand Grenades.
2 MORTOR [sic] AMMO.
Group IX
1. Bombs. (Practice). Flash.
2 Signal cartridges
3. Flares. ([underlined]Landing[/underlined]. Reco. Ground.)
4. Port fire
5 Projectiles. (Signal mortor [sic]) if packed together.
6. Rockets (Distress Marine)
7 ALUM. SEA MARKES [sic]
Group. X
1. All kind of Detonators.
Group XI
1. Smoke Floats & Generators
2 Incendiaries 4lb & 25lbs. T.I. MARKERS NOT CONTAINING PHOSPHROUS [SIC]
Group. XII
1. S.A.A - Incendiary & PHOSPHROS.[sic]
FLAME FLOATS. MARKERS MARINE.
Group. XIII
1. Gas, Genorators [sic] [indecipherable word]
NOTE. 11½ Practice Smoke, on its own.
stored in well ventilated building.
Group XIV
1. H.M.S SHELLS (SHIPS ONLY)
Group XV
1. INFLAMABLE MIXTURES, (25 INCEN). [?]
NOT PHOSPHROS [sic]
[underlined] MIXING GROUPS [/underlined]
1-2-4-MAG CONDITIONS
5-6-10&11 CAN BE STORED TOGETHER
7-8 " " " "
9-11 " " " "
[page break]

[page divided into three sections]
[underlined]Forms[/underlined] [underlined] where found[/underlined]
1003. Authorisation In all danger buildings
1004. Laboratories
1005. General of danger area + buildings[deleted] At each entrance of D. Area or buildings
1006. Grouping, Classification of Explosives in every Danger building
1007 Rules of (in & out) clearance Magazine inside every shifting lobby[?]
1008 Articles use [?] inside every danger building
[line across page]
[rough drawing of wet and dry thermometer]
[page break]

[underlined] Wet & dry Bulbs [/underlined]
Found protected from sun, wind and rain, in case of Danger Area, not in buildings; used to indicate moisture contents [sic] of Area; wet reading must not be highter [sic] when dry. The form is of 3 readings WET/DRY/RESULT/. Precautions ÷ ensure that it's protected, water pure, muslin bag not split and wick in order. Take temperature twice daily with 'A' Buildings; 'A' all four walls exposed [?] to open air [deleted] 'B' [/deleted] but [indecipherable word], position of thermometer 'A' building on any wall. 'B' Type building more [?] or 1 walls [underlined] not [/underlined] exposed to open air: or if building is artificially heated, (used for storing Cordite in bulk or likly [sic] to exceed 100OF) a maximum and minimum thermometer must be used, minimum reading at bottom of needle, maximum same, present at time Mercury top.
A TYPE BUILDING ALL WALLS EXPOSED TO AIR.
B. TYPE " [underlined] NOT [/underlined] ALL WALLS EXPOSED TO AIR.
USE MAX & MIN THERMOMETER WHEN BUILDING (A OR B) IS ARTIFICIALLY HEATED - CORDITE STORED IN BULK OR - TEMP LIKELY TO EXCEED 100 O/F.
READING TAKEN TWICE DAILY - & RECOEDED ON A.F.G [?] 944
[underlined] ATYPE [/underlined] { IF BELOW 40O F.
40O F { IF ABOVE - PROVIDING THERE IS AT LEAST 3O F DIFFERENCE ON WET/DRY BULB READING
[page break]

[underlined] Rules for Ventilation:- [/underlined] Danger buildings are not to be opened for ventilation when raining, snowing or hail is falling, owing to rapid drop in temperature.
[underlined] Class. 'A' [/underlined] buildings may be opened when external temperature is above or below 40o/F providing there is a difference of 3o/F between wet & dry bulbs.
[underlined]Class. 'B' [/underlined] may be opened for ventilation when internal temperature is equal to, or higher than the external, reading on A.F.G. 956 Hydrometric Tables; if the temperature of the outer air is less than 32o/F or higher than 100o/F; provided that
(1) Internal temperature is higher than reading of wet & dry bulbs.
(2) Difference between wet & dry bulbs more than 10o/F.
[page break]

[underlined] Rules Applying to Explosive Storehouses or Danger Area [/underlined]
1.) Before entering D. area all prohibited articles, (matches, frictional objects ect [sic]) must be handed over.
2.) Prohibited articles ect [sic], to be placed in [underline] Red [/underline] box provided for same.
3.) Form. 1005 to be displayed at enterance [sic] of D. area and outside every D. building.
4.) Authorised tools will only be used in D. buildings, being of copper not frictional.
5.) Form 1008 will be displayed in every D. building.
6.) Oily rags ect, [sic] taken into building for use must be removed as soon as job is completed.
7.) Windows will only be opened for ventilation purposes.
8.) During thunderstorms, electric lights to be switched off, doors locked, and building vacated.
9.) Lightening conductors must be inspected twice yearly.
10.) Packages to be examined before taken in building, ones with broken lables [sic] thoroughly examined.
11.) Packages must not be opened in D. building, bombs more [?] be unpacked, painted and [deleted] repainted [/deleted] repackaged inside.
12.) Empty boxes must not be stored where explosives are stored.
13.) All buildings must be kept very clean.
[page break]

[this page does not seem to follow on from previous topic]

[underlined] Demolition (Continued) [/underlined]
[underlined] Safety Distances, [/underlined] Provided the bomb is in a hole twice as deep as bomb length; the length of cable to be use [sic] are
20lb. H.E. or lesser weight 200 yds.
over 20lb. H.E. 600 yds.
if the bomb cannot be buried the length of cables are as follows
20lb. F. bomb. HE. 300 yds.
40lb. G.P. " " 600 yds.
250 G.P. " " 800. yds
500 G.P. " " 1,000. yds
250 A. S " " 1,000. yds
500 A.S. " " 1,200. yds.
For other distances look up A.Ps. 1245 Chapter 3. Section 19. Par.3 sub. paragraph 1 to 6. Blind H.E bombs which cannot be moved are demolished in or on site, a sand-bag ramp is to be put up around bomb; or if not enought [sic] bags on sand bag between bomb & firing point. Bombs which can be transported are to be carried on well sprung and rubber tyred veicle, [sic] which is to use routes last used by others; bombs to be stowed in or on veicle [sic] lying down, secured with sand bags; all bombs 3 feet apart [deleted] from [/deleted] in all directions.
[page break]

[underlined] Blind bomb H.E. Practice [/underlined] to be dealt with a [underlined] Blind [/underlined] H.E bombs. [underlined] Blind, [/underlined] Practice [underlined] Flash [/underlined] or [underlined] Smoke [/underlined] to demolish, use detonator and primer only; place both near to No28 DetBurster [?] as possible. [underlined] NOTE [/underlined] if in the open sand-bags are not necessary.
[underlined] Destruction of other Unservisable [sic] Explosives. [/underlined]
Exploders, Guncotton & Similar Explosives.
'A' by demolition as for H.E. Bombs with same precautions taken, most [deleted] apount [?] [/deleted] quantity at once not to exceed 4lbs.
'B' Unservisable [sic] Detonators and those over age, distroy [sic] 25 at a time; distroy [sic] by detonation in a pit 2FT. deep 1FT WIDE; using Electric [?] Detonator, the exploder being at least 100 feet from pit also under cover, danger zone 200 yds.
1. [underlined] NOTE. [/underlined] Detonators with fuzes between head & body will be separated with knife; the heads distroyed [sic] as 'Dets' and the body or fuze as for 'Fuzes'
2.) Any fragments remaining undistroyed [sic] will be covered with oil and burned in small quantities under precautions.
3.) Detonating Fuzes. (Pryos). [?] to be returned to equipment Pepto [?] and dealt with by the A.I.D Inspector.
[page break]

4.) [deleted] Gunpod [/deleted] [underlined] Gunpowder [/underlined] remove from bag and put in a bucket of water, deleted] stup [/deleted] stur [sic] well and pour in pit on waste land, unservisable [sic] bags and containers are to be burned under precautions.
5.) [underlined] Safety and Instanteous [sic] Fuzes [/underlined] burned under precautions or put in deep water
6.) [underlined] pyotechnics [sic] Ditto. [/underlined]
[underlined] NOTE. [/underlined] Flares (Reconnaissance) return to equipment store or depto [sic] to be dealt with by A.I.D. Inspector.
7.) [underlined] S.A.A. [/underlined] Provided it is safe to [deleted] handl [/deleted] transport from home station it will be returned to No.2 Equipment (Ammunition) Depto, [sic] and from abroad to the appropriate Depto [sic] within the command. Should the quanities [sic] not warrant the cost of transport it will be destroyed locally under precautions and instructions.
8.) [underlined] Incendiaries [/underlined] bombs are to be destroyed under direct supervision of an inspector.
[Page break]

[underlined] Pryotechnics [sic] [/underlined]
No. 1165.
MAGAZINE LOAN BOOK. (25)
FULL NOMECLATURE (sic)
[Hand drawn table set out as the one below]

SECTION. REF.No
DRAWN FROM STORE FLIGHT OR
SECTION QUANTITY RETURNED EXPENDED
DATE QUANTITY SIGNATURE QUATITY [sic] VOUCHER
No REMARKS


FORM 6.7.3 Internal Exchange Voucher 664B. REPAYMENT.
FORM. 6.7.4 " Demand. " 1087A. DEMAND ISSUE.
FORM 6.7.5 " Return " 605 STORES INWARD
FORM 2.1 " Conversion " 108 TEMPORY [sic] LOAN.
FORM. 2.9.9 Firing Point Register 658 TRANSPORT.
FORM 6.6.8 " Loan Card 600 DEMAND ISSUE.
FORM 1.0.1 Stock in hand.
" 37 INVENTRY [sic] OR STOCK BOOK
[underlined] 'A'. 'B'. + 'C'. STORES [/underlined]
'A' Stores over that issued and does not wear out.
'B' " " " " " does wear out.
'C' " " " " " consumable.
[page break]

[underlined] 1,000lb. S.C.I. MK.I. [?] [/underlined]
Contains 6 Electric Cartridge Valves
3 Bakalite [sic] Pires [?]
inside of containers is covered with a coat of bakalite [sic] contains 52 galls of S.2.D [deleted] 'A.B+C' have to be plugged in. [/deleted] carried in 2,000lb. bomb carrier.
[underlined] Wing Tip Flares (for landing) [/underlined]
For land planes use 'A' type bracket, see Electrician has signed Form.700. Test flare with (Tester Fuze) by connecting flare leads to tester fuze terminals, rotor arm and needle should flicker, this should be done in the open. Attach flare to A/C bracket, is now ready for flight.
[underlined] Action [/underlined] On presure [sic] of switch the current runs through the copper plates, so fuzing the Platium [sic] Silver bridge and igniting the dry guncotton dust, which ignites the quickmatch, [sic] the flash passes to igniter pellet which ignites primer compo and blows off dossing, [?] at same time igniting flare compo, this burns for 3 mins. This flare must be extinguished [deleted] by a jet [/deleted] by a soda acid extinguisher. MK.I. & II must not be used in dry weather, as they drop a burning residue.
[Page break]

[underlined] For Flying boats & Seaplanes [/underlined] use type B. & D. brackets which are similar to A but they [deleted] are [/deleted] have 'auto casts [?] off' acted by air presure [sic] plate, set to cast off at 30 M.P.H. The 'B' has a [sic] anti glare sheild. [sic]
[underlined] Explosives Regulations [/underlined] cont.
[underlined] Stacking Explosives [/underlined]
1. Packages must be securely stacked in bays and raised on battons. [sic]
2. A clear space must be left between any stack and the wall
3. Heights.
4. Wet guncotton packages should be stacked up to give access to vent plug.
5.Gangways should be left between lines of stacks, wide enough to permit easy extraction of single packages.
6. Packages will be stacked horizontally unless otherwise specified on outside of packages.
7. Explosives of the same nature are to be stacked together and away from [deleted] from [/deleted] other natures in the same store house.
8. Packages bearing lot numbers are to be stacked by lots, issues should be as far date as possible, the oldest used first.
9 Explosives stores that do not nave lot Nos. are to be stored according to their natures, marks, maker and date.
[page break]

10. Separate stacks of S.A. A should be made for each date of filling, except that old boxes may be stacked together.
11. Packages should be stacked so that lables, [sic] contents marks are visable [sic]. Retest lables [sic] ouS.A.A. [?] Packages must [deleted] not [/deleted] be visable [sic] without disturbing the stack.
12. NIL.
13. Stack cards should be attached to each stack, and date of last examination.
14. Inventory boards showing contents (of each danger building) should be hung in convenient position and kept up to date.
15. Units other than Equipment Deptos [sic] and Ammunition parks [?] will maintain Magazine Loan Books.
[underlined] Lables [sic] :- Goverment [sic] Classification Lables [sic] [/underlined]
1. Showing service and groups in which classified for storage purposes. is fixed to each box or package containing Gov. Explosives.
2. A.I.D. lables [sic] of must in denotes; packing of contents has been examined by an A.I.D. inspecting authority.
3. Station Monogram, lable [sic] of muslin denoted station which contents were packed.
4. Circular sealing lables [sic] on S.A.A. Boxes with sliding lids.
5. Distinguishing lables, [sic] large and small showing contents.
[page break]

6. Red lables [sic] on S.A.A. boxes, if contents are for use the [?] synchronised guns.
7. Retest lables [sic] on end od S.AA boxes, showing nature of test and date by which test should be concluding.
8. Descriptive lable [sic] showing maker and date of filling.
17/3./41.
[underlined] Alvis Straussler Bomb Trailer [/underlined]
Wheels held on by 6 Cadium [sic] nuts and 5 Red nuts; Carries 4 x 250lb. 2 x 500lb. 4 x 250 S.C.I: 2 x 500lb. SC.I. 1,000 G.P. 2 x S.B. Container. Air pressure in tyres 20ib. P.Sq.INCH., size 18x7. wheel lock 60%. Draw bar [sic] telescopic, extended for positioning under A/C. 5'-1". close. 3' [?]-2¼ ". clamped in to position; 3½ turns to extend it. Minimum ground clearines [sic] is 4 to 5 inches, loaded Maximum 15 to 16 inches, giving hydrolic [sic] 11 - 12" Elevation, when filling rams or jacks use Prices Hydrolic [sic] Jack oil (Ref No. 2391 10 grease points in front, 8 at rear, 30 cwt type jacks, [indecipherable word] Grease Gun used. Torpedo Trolly. [sic] has two throats, one for 1,000, & 1900 G.P. the other [deleted] for [/deleted] (small) for Torpedo, 2,000 AP. 1,000 S.C.I. Gear rotate [?] crown wheel, draws inwards thrust blocks, raising scissors & throats through central thredded [sic] tube or rod.
Type. 'B' Transporting Trolley used for single Bombs, 250. 500. 120.GP.
[page break]

[underlined] ANVIL TYPE MODERN DETONATORS [/underlined]
NO DELAY COLOUR [underlined]PISTOL [/underlined]
35 11 SECS BLUE [underlined] BLUNT [/underlined] STRIKER
43 INST WHITE NOSE 27 - 29 - 33 - 38
44 1 SEC YELLOW TAIL 28
47 .12 SEC BROWN
49 .025 SEC BLACK
[Hand drawn line across page]
SENSITIVE TYPE (1" [underlined] GREEN TAIL [/underlined].)
39 1 SEC YELLOW [underlined] SHARP [/underlined] STRIKER
46 2 SEC GREEN NOSE 42 - (44 & 45 DYAPHAM [sic]) - NOT USE WITH HP BOMBS
48 .04 RED TAIL 30.
50 .14 BROWN
51 .025 BLACK
*52 MKI INST. WHITE - 44 & 45 PISTONS
*52 MKS.(II & III) INST. WHITE - DITTO
53 .5 ALUMINIUM
54 3 SEC GREY
55 11 SEC BLUE
56 .05 FOR USE WITH. AP.2000. IV
[page break]

PISTOLS & FUZES.
38 MK III 20F. 40 GP.
44 MK I. ALL MOD BOMBS UP TOO [sic] 1,000 lbs.
44 MK II UP TO & 4000 GP & MP. (NOT HC)
45. 20F. 40 GP.
42. (MOD. 27) ALL MOND [sic] BOMBS
NOSE TAIL
GP MKS. I II III 250 500lbs. 19 22
GP. MKS. I & II 120lbs 19 21
GP. MKS. IV 250. 500 " 27- OR 42 - 44 - 28-30-37
GP. MKS I 1000 19000 " " " " " " "
GP. MK IV III 1,000 " TAIL ONLY " " "
M.C. 250. 500. 1,000 4,000 " 27 OR 42 . 44 - 28 - 30 - 37
S.A.P. MKS. I II 250. 500 " 30 FUZE.
S.A.P. MK. II 250 500 " 28 – 30
AS. MKS I II III 250 500 " 32 FUZE.
A.S. MKS. IV 250 500 " 30 PISTOL
A.P. MKS I II III 2,000 " 37 FUZE
AP . MK IV 2,000 " 30 PISTOL
H.C. 2,000 - 4,000 8,000 " 27 OR 42
SMOKE 100 854 FUZE.
" 120 864 "
[page break]

[cross section sketch of a trigger mechanism]
[hand drawn line across whole page]

250 LC. BOMB 36 MK I & 36. MK II FUZE & (GP CHARGE. NOT MK I. ORNo. MK II)
" Inc " 36 MK II. N. DELAY. (No2 MKI. CHARGE. (GROUP 15)
3O L.C [?] MK I. No 38 FUZE. (2 NUTS)
30lb. L.C MK II. No FUZE.
30 " INC. MK4. [?] No 38 FUZE. (M. TYPES FOR LUGS. L.S. CARRIER)
" " " MK3 II. 3.4. 846 FUZE.
45 PISTOL 20F. 40lb. G.P.
FUZES. 854 100 SMOKE BOMBS.
864 120 " "
848 MKV FLASH (ONLY)
860 T.I FLARES (AIR PRESURE [sic]) & CLUSTER BOMBS.
846 30lbs. INC. MKS. II III IV
849 FLASH (ONLY) (WITH CLOCK SETTING)
MIII FLASH. (15 TO 93 SECS.) YANK [?]
[page break]

[underlined] 250lbs. DEPTH CHARGE [/underlined] AP.2111A
250lbs. D.CHARGE. MK8. 8* &MK. II.
MK8 ROUND NOSE MK8* MOD WITH SPOILER ATTACHMENT ON NOSE.
MKXI (II) WITH READY MADE CONCAVE NOSE.
D.CHARGE HAS CENTRAL TUBE, TO FUZE UP PUT IN SPRING THEN MK8 PRIMMER [SIC] (2 C.E PELLETS). NEXT TAKE MK XIV (14) OR MK XVI (16) WATER PISTOL UNSCREW DET CARRIER INSERT MK VII (7) WITIGHT [?] P.CAP DET (RED + BLUE) SCREW DET CARRIER ON PISTOL. INSERT PISTOL INTO DEPTH CHARGE - SCREW DOWN VALVE BODY LOCKING NUT. PUT ON TAIL UNIT. (USE STRIKE GAUGE).
[underlined] MK XIV LASTEST [sic] PISTOL. [/underlined]
MK. XVI (16) PISTOLS MK. XIV (14)
FIRES @ 25FT @ A PRESURE [sic] OF 8 - 9 TO 10.6 lbs WHEN DROPPED 173 KNTS. (200MPH) FROM 500FT.
FIXED STRIKER ASSEMBLE.
GRUB SCREW
GO & NOT-GO [?] GAUGE TO BE USED
RED BAYONET RING
COPPER DISC WITH DET. HOLDER. FIRES @ 25FT @ A PRESSURE OF 6 1/4 TO 8 lbs. WHEN DROPPED @ 175 KNTS. OR 200 M.P.H. FROM 750 FT.
STRIKER ASSEMBLE FULLY FLOATING
NARROW DISTANCE RING PERMITS MOVEMENT OF FLANGES INCREASED DIAM. OF BODY & CENTRAL TUBE
4 STUDS ON BODY - JUBILEE CLIP
NO - GO TEST N/A
BLUE BAYONET RING - NO COPPER DISC.
[page break]

[underlined] 250 DEPTH CHARGE [/underlined]
[hand drawn cross section diagram of a depth charge]
[underlined] MAIN FILLINGS] [/underlined] (3)
2" GREEN BAND 40/60 = AMATOL
2" " " WITH XXX 40/60 FIRST GRADE - AMATOL FIRST CLASS
2" BAND BLUE RINGS = TORPEX [underlined] ALL WITH 1/2 RED BAND [/underlined]

RECO FLARE CAPSULE FLASH CAPSULE
Nos. 3 MKII 3,000 MK IV FLARE.
4 4,000
6 " 5-6,000
8 " 7-8,000
10 " 9-10.000
12 " 11-12,000
14 " 13-14,000
16 " 15-16,000
18 " 17-18,000
20 " 19-20,000 No 4 MKII 2 - 7,000 FT
P 7/9 9 - 9,000 "
P 10/12 10 - 12,000 "
P 13/15 13 - 15,000 "
P 16/18 16 - 18,000 "
P 19/20 19 - 20,000 "

[page break]

[underlined DEMOLITION AP 2608(A). [/underlined]
STORES REQUIRED
(1.) BOMB ECT [sic] (2.) 1lb WET GUN COTTON (3) 1oz DRY GUN C [?] PRIMER
(4) RECTIFIER. (5) ELECTRIC DET. 13 OR 33 (6) INSULATION TAPE.
(7) No7 DUEPROOF [sic] CABLE 23 Ω (8) DYNAMO EXPLODER (9) TESTER FUZE.
(10) SPADE - PICK - PLIERS. (11) 6 RED FLAGS. 1 BLUE. (12) STAKE.

[cross section illuminating flare]

CHANGE COLOUR STAR
[hand drawn line across the page]
2,500ft (10 SECS. BURN) 6-9¨ LONG ILLUMINATING CARTRIDGE
BROWN. 5-8¨ WS&D CLOUDY DAY
WHITE 4¨ WS&D CLEAR DAY (1½ SECS DELAY)
[page break]

[cross section white flare and cross section of red or green flare]
[page break]

[cross section signal distress marine]
12 RED STARS @ 4-5 SECS BETWEEN [illegible]
2 RED CANDLES
[double underline] SIGNAL DISTRESS 2 STAR RED [/double underline]
12-15 MILES @ NIGHT
Mk I 50FT BURNS 8-9 SECS 4-5 SECS BETWEEN
Mk II 100FT
[page break]

CA PADS ‘B’UN. OR LB. CARRIES[?]
150,000 C.P. 4.5 Mk I 3¼ MINS. Mk II 3-4 MINS. 11FT PAR
1000000 C.P. 5.5 3¼ to 4¼ UNY CARR ONLY 18FT.
28 FUZE 4.5. 5.5
25¨4.5 CLOSING PLUG. SPIN.2 TIME RINGS No 123 for setting
[cross section part of flare]

[cross section flare]

[cross section flare]

FROM SHOOT
TR. FLARE NOSE FIRST
4.5 TAIL¨
5.5 ¨¨ONLY SHOOT
[page break]

28 Fuze (104 89 KEYS)
[illustration and three cross sections]
[page break]

28 Fuze
[cross section]
[page break]

No 43 EMERGENCY FUZE. 5 SPARE CAPSULS
[cross section]
FOR USE ON RED FLARE ONLY
[page break]

[underlined]FLAME FLOAT NAV.[/underlined]
[two cross sections]
[page break]

SMOKE CURTAIN APP
500lb Mk III
500lb CARRIED ON UNIV. 1 OR 2
USE ADOPTER[sic] BOX FOR ‘H’ JETT
26 GALLS 32D [?] MIXTURE
TEST DET 30FT CABLE .02 VRTS [?]
[underlined](E Fuze 15ft)[/underlined] (CRUTCHES ‘A’ (REAR ¨O¨ TYPE)
OUTTER [sic] (FRONT)
250 Mk III SAME AS 500 Mk III
ONLY [illustration] PIPE AND INLET VALVE AT TAIL END
250 EXTERNALLY ONLY
[illustration and four cross sections]
[page break]

6 CARTRIDGE AND E2[?] VALVES
CARRIED INTERNALLY ON WELLTING [sic] AND STIRLING OR 2000 B. CARRIER
CLEAN THREADS WITH MINERAL JELLY. PACK GRAPHITE & M. TOIL[?]

[two illustrations]
[page break]

[underline] DEMOLITION NEW AP2608A.[/underlined]
[several illustrations]
[page break]

APPARATUS A.L. No 1 Mk I [underlined](ANTI LANDING) [/underlined]
[cross section of a mine]
[page break]

WING TIP FLARE
BURNS 3½ MINS.
[cross sections and illustrations of flare]
[page break]

WING TIP FLARE BRACKET ‘A’ [underlined] USED ON LAND PLANES [/underlined]
[two illustrations of bracket]
[page break]

[two illustrations marked ‘B’ and ‘D’]
‘B’ SAME AS ‘D’
ON[?] HAS ANTI GLARE DISC
‘D’ USED ON SEA/FLOAT PLANES
FLYING BOATS
SET TO CAST OFF AT 30 m.p.h.
[page break]

ROCKET SIGNAL Mk III 1lb
900 FT
[cross section rocket]
[page break]

ALVIS & STRAUSLER TROLLIES 1664 D
[underlined] TYPE B[/underlined] T.PRESSURE 40º 1,000LBS (CARRY)
LOADS 2 x 500 4 x 250 lb. 2 x 250 S.B.C.
[underlined] TYPE C[/underlined] T.P. 45º 3,000lbs (CARRY)
LOADS 1 x 2000 1 x 1900 2 x 1500 VEG 3 x 1000 6 x 500 8 x 250.
[underlined] TYPE D Mk II 60º 4,000 (CARRY)
[underlined] TYPE E [/underlined] TP. 75º 12000lbs (CARRY)
1 x 8000 HC 2 x 4000 4 x 1500 VEG 6 x 1,000 4 x 2000 AP 4 x 1900 9 x 250
500 – 2000 – 4000 lb [underlined] GYRAL[sic] WINCHES AP 1664 C[/underlined]
500lb WINCH. ALUMINIUM COLOUR. CLUTCH SLIPS @ 880 BREAKING STRAIN 35cwt.
REDUCTION GEAR 50-1 SAFTY[sic] LOAD 550.
[underlined] 2000 Mk I[underline/] (GREEN) CLUTCH SLIPS TO 3360- BREAKING STRAIN 4 TONS.
RED. GEAR 246-1. SAFE LOAD 2,100 lbs
[underlined] 2000 Mk II[underline/] GREEN WITH RED – CLUTCH SLIPS @ 5750 – RED. GEAR 246-1
MAX LOAD 2,100lbs
[underline]d 4,000[/underlined] YELLOW RED. GEAR. 448- 1 -SAFE LOAD 4,100lbs.
[page break]

3.3.41[underlined] 2000 lb. Bomb Carrier TYPE ‘A’[/underlined] NOW U/S
TYPE ‘A’ 1 Sling 9 [deleted]tons
TYPE B 2 Sling[sic]. 2 x 5 TONS
Description. ‘A’ consists of a sheet steel Girder with nose & tail crutches, strainer (hand), attachments, fuzing, release slip Mk. III. EM. Unit ‘C’
Fuzing attachments. P[?] & 18 INCH. 8¨ for. 1000. G.P. 18 . 2000. A.P. suspension hook, and hole for hoisting to a/c. Use adaptor crutch for 1000 G.P., Clearance between bomb & lorries. 50 thou.[?]
Dif.[?] ‘A’ type cables. [illustration] ‘B’ [illustration]
Stores Carried. Torpedoes. 2000 AP. 1000 GP. 1,900 NEW GP.
4.3.41.
Apparatus Supplied Dropping Mk 5. ‘B’ ÷ consists of 3 part. 1, Container, 2. Cylinder 3. Parachute bucket. Filled through[sic] removable lid at one end which can be soldered in position if required to contain liquids. [underlined] Precussion[sic][/underlined] [deleted] head hemispherical in shape and is fitted at the nose end of apparatus, it will be damaged on impact but can be used 2 or 3 times before repair is needed. [underlined] Parachute bucket[/underlined] is where parachute is filled and fitted at tail end, the parachute container is closed by 6 canvas flaps, a static cord is provided for releasing chute by fixing one end of cord to carrier crutch. [underlined] Loads.[/underlined] Universil[sic] normally 104[?]lbs + 20lbs over-weight. Parachute. 14 feet. Mk IV This apparatus is known as the Pack & Harness method, it is intended for use with packages or bales ect.[sic] which are to[sic] balky[sic] for the Mk. 5. ‘B’. Weights allowable on the Un. No 1 and No 2 is [sic] 160lbs a special attachment is fitted to go over case. Chute is hooked on side and cord tied to base of container.
[page break]

2,000lb CARRIER TYPE A Mk 1A
Mk 1A LIKE Mk 1 BUT WITH ADJUSTABLE CRUTCHES. WHEN HOISTING BOMB PLACE RACK ON BOMB – FASTEN CABLE – TIGHTEN UP TO ‘FEEL[?] OF BOMB’ – THEN PUT ON 25 – 30 MORE TURNS. (HALIFAX)
TYPE B (2¨ CABLES AND CRUTCH HOLDER FOR 1,000.) ADJUSTABLE CRUTCHES – ‘FEEL[?] OF BOMB’ THEN NOT OVER 35 TURNS (STIRLING)
Load SlingR. CrutchFuzing Unit

LOAD SLING R. CRUTCH FUZING UNIT
THICK
2000lb AP Thick Rear C Rear 26¨
9 ton
Short
Veg. Thick
Long ¨ ¨ ¨ 14¨
1000 GP Thin
Narrow
Long Aux. C F+Rear 14¨
1900 GP Long
Thin R. C F+Rear 14¨
2000 HC Long
Thin R. C Front 30¨
18¨ Torp Long FID
Thick R. C R. Atc. Torpedo

Citation

Albert Victor Cluett, “Albert Cluett's armourers training notebook. Two,” IBCC Digital Archive, accessed November 12, 2019, https://ibccdigitalarchive.lincoln.ac.uk/omeka/collections/document/9861.

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