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Index

a) Forces
b) Aircraft
c) Royal Air Force groups
d) Royal Air Force squadrons
e) Royal Air Force stations
f) Station facilities
g) Roles and trades
h) Decorations
i) Aerial warfare and related concepts
j) People
k) Events
l) Life experiences in wartime

a) Forces

Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana
Used for: National Republican Air Force, ANR

British Army
Used for: BA

Dainippon Teikoku Rikugun Kōkūbutai
Used for: Imperial Japanese Army Air Service, Imperial Japanese Army Air Force, IJAAS, IJAAF

Polskie Siły Powietrzne
Used for: Polish Air Force, PSP

Regia Aeronautica
Used for: Royal Italian Air Force, RA

Royal Air Force
Used for: RAF

Royal Air Force. Balloon Command
Royal Air Force. Bomber Command
Royal Air Force. Coastal Command
Royal Air Force. Fighter Command
Royal Air Force. Training Command
Royal Air Force. Transport Command

Royal Canadian Air Force
Used for: RCAF

Royal Indian Air Force
Used for: RIAF

Royal Navy
Used for: RN

Royal Netherlands Air Force
Used for: RNethAF, RNETHAF

Royal New Zealand Air Force
Used for: RNZAF

Royal Australian Air Force
Used for: RAAF

South African Air Force
Used for: SAAF, SALM

United States Army Air Force
Used for: USAAF

United States Army
Used for: US Army

Wehrmacht

Wehrmacht. Kriegsmarine
Used for: KM

Wehrmacht. Luftwaffe
Used for: LW

b) Aircraft

Albemarle
Used for: Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle

Anson
Used for: Avro Anson

Ar 232
Used for: Arado Ar 232, Tausendfüßler, Tatzelwurm

B-17
Used for: Boeing B-17, B17, Flying Fortress

B-24
Used for: Consolidated B-24 Liberator, B24, Liberator

B-25
Used for: North American B-25 Mitchell, B25, Mitchell

B-26
Used for: Martin B-26 Marauder

B-29
Used for: Boeing B-29 Superfortress

Battle
Used for: Fairey Battle

Beaufighter
Used for: Bristol Beaufighter, Bristol Type 156, Beau

Blenheim
Used for: Bristol Blenheim

Bollingbroke
Used for: Bristol Bolingbroke

Boston
Used for: Douglas A-20 Havoc, DB-7

C-47
Used for: Skytrain, DC3, DC-3 Dakota, Douglas DC-3

Catalina
Used for: Catalina flying boat, Consolidated PBY Catalina, Canso

Commodore
Used for: Consolidated Commodore

Cornell
Used for: Fairchild PT-26

Defiant
Used for: Boulton Paul Defiant

Do 16
Used for: Dornier 16 , Wal, Dornier Do J

Do 18
Used for: Dornier 18, Dornier Do 18

Do 24
Used for: Dornier 24, Dornier Do 24

Do 215
Used for: Dornier 215, Dornier Do 215

Do 217
Used for: Dornier 217, Dornier Do 217

Dominie
Used for: de Havilland DH.89 Dragon Rapide, de Havilland Dominie

Fw 190
Used for: Focke-Wulf 190, Fw 190 Würger

He 111
Used for: Heinkel 111

Hamilcar
Used for: General Aircraft Limited GAL. 49

Halifax
Used for: Handley Page Halifax

Halifax Mk 1
Used for: Halifax Mk. 1, Halifax Mk 1, Halifax Mk I, Halifax Mark 1

Halifax Mk 2
Used for: Halifax Mk. 2, Halifax Mk 2, Halifax Mk II, Halifax Mark 2

Halifax Mk 3
Used for: Halifax Mk. 3, Halifax Mk 3, Halifax Mk III, Halifax Mark 3

Hampden
Used for: Handley Page Hampden

Harrow
Used for: Handley Page H.P.54 Harrow

Harvard
Used for: North American T-6 Texan

Hornet Moth
Used for: de Havilland DH.87 Hornet Moth

Horsa
Used for: Airspeed AS.51 Horsa

Hudson
Used for: Lockheed Hudson

Hurricane
Used for: Hawker Hurricane

Ju 52
Used for: Tante Ju, Iron Annie

Ju 86
Used for: Junkers 86, Junkers Ju 86

Ju 87
Used for: Junkers 87, Stuka, dive-bomber

Ju 88
Used for: Junkers Ju 88, Junkers 88

Ju 352
Used for: Junkers Ju 352 Herkules

Lancaster
Used for: Avro Lancaster, Lanc

Lancaster Mk 1
Used for: Lancaster Mk. 1, Lancaster Mk 1, Lancaster Mk I, Lancaster Mark 1

Lancaster Mk 2
Used for: Lancaster Mk. 2, Lancaster Mk 2, Lancaster Mk II, Lancaster Mark 2

Lancaster Mk 3
Used for: Lancaster Mk. 3, Lancaster Mk 3, Lancaster Mk III, Lancaster Mark 3

Lancastrian
Used for: Avro 691 Lancastrian

Lincoln
Used for: Avro Type 694, Avro Lincoln

Lysander
Used for: Westland Lysander

Magister
Used for: Miles M.14 Magister

Martinet
Used for: Miles M.25 Martinet

Me 110
Used for: Messerschmitt Bf 110

Me 109
Used for: Messerschmitt Bf 109

Me 163
Used for: Messerschmitt 163, Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet

Me 262
Used for: Messerschmitt 262, Messerschmitt Me 262, Me 262 Schwalbe, Me 262 Schwalbe/ Sturmvogel

Me 410
Used for: Messerschmitt Me 410 Hornisse

Meteor
Used for: Gloster Meteor

Manchester
Used for: Avro Manchester

Mosquito
Used for: Mossie, The Wooden Wonder

Oxford
Used for: Airspeed Oxford, Airspeed AS.10

P-38
Used for: P38, P-38 Lightning, Lockheed P-38 Lightning, P-38

P-40
Used for: P40, P-40 Kittyhawk, Curtiss P-40

P-47
Used for: Republic P-47 Thunderbolt

P-51
Used for: P51, P-51 Mustang, North American Aviation P-51 Mustang

Proctor
Used for: Percival Proctor

Shackleton
Used for: Avro Shackleton

Stearman
Used for: Stearman Model 75

Spitfire
Used for: Supermarine Spitfire, Spit 

Stranraer
Used for: Supermarine Stranraer

Stirling
Used for: Short Stirling

Sunderland
Used for: Short S.25 Sunderland

Swordfish
Used for: Fairey Swordfish, Stringbag

Tiger Moth
Used for: de Havilland Tiger Moth, de Havilland DH.82

Typhoon
Used for: Hawker Typhoon, Tiffy

Ventura
Used for: Lockheed Ventura

Walrus
Used for: Supermarine Walrus

Wellington
Used for: Vickers Wellington

Whitley
Used for: Armstrong Whitworth Whitley

Yale
Used for: North American NA-64, NA-64

York
Used for: Avro York

c) Royal Air Force groups

1 Group

2 Group

3 Group

4 Group

5 Group

6 Group

7 Group

8 Group
See also: Pathfinders

100 Group

Second Tactical Air Force
Used for: 2 TAF

Tiger Force
Used for: Very Long Range Bomber Force, VLRBF

d) Royal Air Force squadrons

7 Squadron
8 Squadron
10 Squadron
12 Squadron
12 Squadron
15 Squadron
15 Squadron
21 Squadron
25 Squadron
25 Squadron
27 Squadron
27 Squadron
31 Squadron
31 Squadron
32 Squadron
32 Squadron
35 Squadron
35 Squadron
37 Squadron
38 Squadron
40 Squadron
42 Squadron
44 Squadron
49 Squadron
50 Squadron
51 Squadron
52 Squadron
57 Squadron
58 Squadron
61 Squadron
63 Squadron
66 Squadron
70 Squadron
75 Squadron
76 Squadron
77 Squadron
78 Squadron
82 Squadron
83 Squadron
88 Squadron
90 Squadron
91 Squadron
97 Squadron
98 Squadron
99 Squadron
100 Squadron
101 Squadron
102 Squadron
103 Squadron
104 Squadron
105 Squadron
106 Squadron
107 Squadron
108 Squadron
109 Squadron
110 Squadron
114 Squadron
115 Squadron
128 Squadron
138 Squadron
139 Squadron
141 Squadron
142 Squadron
144 Squadron
148 Squadron
149 Squadron
150 Squadron
153 Squadron
156 Squadron
158 Squadron
161 Squadron
162 Squadron
163 Squadron
166 Squadron
167 Squadron
169 Squadron
170 Squadron
178 Squadron
18 Squadron
180 Squadron
185 Squadron
186 Squadron
189 Squadron
192 Squadron
193 Squadron
195 Squadron
196 Squadron
199 Squadron
207 Squadron
208 Squadron
214 Squadron
215 Squadron
216 Squadron
218 Squadron
222 Squadron
223 Squadron
226 Squadron
227 Squadron
266 Squadron
296 Squadron
297 Squadron
300 Squadron
301 Squadron
304 Squadron
305 Squadron
311 Squadron
320 Squadron
342 Squadron
346 Squadron
347 Squadron
405 Squadron
408 Squadron
415 Squadron
419 Squadron
420 Squadron
424 Squadron
425 Squadron
426 Squadron
427 Squadron
428 Squadron
429 Squadron
431 Squadron
432 Squadron
433 Squadron
434 Squadron
455 Squadron
458 Squadron
460 Squadron
462 Squadron
463 Squadron
464 Squadron
466 Squadron
467 Squadron
487 Squadron
514 Squadron
515 Squadron
517 Squadron
540 Squadron
541 Squadron
550 Squadron
571 Squadron
576 Squadron
578 Squadron
582 Squadron
608 Squadron
614 Squadron
617 Squadron
619 Squadron
620 Squadron
621 Squadron
622 Squadron
623 Squadron
624 Squadron
625 Squadron
626 Squadron
627 Squadron
630 Squadron
635 Squadron
640 Squadron
692 Squadron

e) Royal Air Force stations

RAF Abingdon
RAF Acaster Malbis
RAF Alconbury
RAF Ansty
RAF Attlebridge
RAF Balderton
RAF Banff
RAF Bardney
RAF Barrow in Furness
RAF Bawtry
RAF Bentley Priory
RAF Bicester
RAF Biggin Hill
RAF Binbrook
RAF Bishops Court
RAF Bitteswell
RAF Blyton
RAF Bobbington
RAF Boscombe Down
RAF Bottesford
RAF Bourn
RAF Bowden
RAF Brackla
RAF Bramcote
RAF Brawdy
RAF Breighton
RAF Bridgnorth
RAF Bridlington
RAF Brize Norton
RAF Bruntingthorpe
RAF Burn
RAF Cardington
RAF Cark
RAF Carnaby
RAF Castle Bromwich
RAF Castle Kennedy
RAF Catfoss
RAF Catterick
RAF Chedburgh
RAF Chivenor
RAF Church Broughton
RAF Clyffe Pypard
RAF Coltishall
RAF Compton Bassett
RAF Coningsby
RAF Cosford
RAF Cottesmore
RAF Cranage
RAF Cranfield
RAF Cranwell
RAF Credenhill
RAF Croft
RAF Dallachy
RAF Dalton
RAF Digby
RAF Dishforth
RAF Downham Market
RAF Drem
RAF Driffield
RAF Dumfries
RAF Dunholme Lodge
RAF Dunsfold
RAF Duxford
RAF Dyce
RAF Earls Colne
RAF East Kirkby
RAF East Moor
RAF Eastchurch
RAF ElshamWolds
RAF Elvington
RAF Estevan
RAF Evanton
RAF Fairford
RAF Faldingworth
RAF Farnborough
RAF Feltwell
RAF Filey
RAF Finningley
RAF Fiskerton
RAF Ford
RAF Foulsham
RAF Fulbeck
RAF Full Sutton
RAF Gamston
RAF Gaydon
RAF Glatton
RAF Gosfield
RAF Gosport
RAF Goxhill
RAF Gransden Lodge
RAF Graveley
RAF Great Massingham
RAF Grimsby
RAF Halfpenny Green
RAF Halton
RAF Hampstead Norris
RAF Hartford Bridge
RAF Harwell
RAF Hatfield
RAF Hawarden
RAF Hednesford
RAF Hemswell
RAF Hendon
RAF Hixon
RAF Holme-on-Spalding Moor
RAF Honeybourne
RAF Honington
RAF Hornchurch
RAF Horsham St Faith
RAF hospital Matlock
RAF hospital Rauceby
RAF hospital Torquay
RAF Hunmanby Moor
RAF Hurn
RAF Ingham
RAF Inver
RAF Inverness
RAF Kelstern
RAF Kemble
RAF Kenley
RAF Kimbolton
RAF Kinloss
RAF Kirmington
RAF Lakenheath
RAF Langar
RAF Leconfield
RAF Leeming
RAF Lichfield
RAF Lindholme
RAF Linton on Ouse
RAF Lissett
RAF Little Rissington
RAF Little Staughton
RAF Llandwrog
RAF Lossiemouth
RAF Ludford Magna
RAF Madley
RAF Manby
RAF Manston
RAF Marham
RAF Market Harborough
RAF Marston Moor
RAF Massingham
RAF Mauripur
RAF Medmenham
RAF Melbourne
RAF Melksham
RAF Mepal
RAF Metheringham
RAF Methwold
RAF Middleton St George
RAF Mildenhall
RAF Millom
RAF Mona
RAF Morecambe
RAF Moreton in the Marsh
RAF Morpeth
RAF Morton Hall
RAF Netheravon
RAF Newmarket
RAF Newton
RAF North Coates
RAF North Killingholme
RAF North Luffenham
RAF North Weald
RAF Nuthampstead
RAF Nutts Corner
RAF Oakington
RAF Oakley
RAF Ossing
RAF Ossington
RAF Oulton
RAF Ouston
RAF Padgate
RAF Paignton
RAF Pembrey
RAF Peplow
RAF Pershore
RAF Pocklington
RAF Port Ellen
RAF Rauceby
RAF Riccall
RAF Ridgewell
RAF Ringway
RAF Rufforth
RAF Ruislip
RAF Saltby
RAF Sandtoft
RAF Scampton
RAF Seighford
RAF Shawbury
RAF Shenington
RAF Shepherds Grove
RAF Silloth
RAF Silverstone
RAF Skegness
RAF Skellingthorpe
RAF Skipton on Swale
RAF Sleap
RAF Snaith
RAF Spanhoe
RAF Spilsby
RAF St Athan
RAF St Eval
RAF St Mawgan
RAF Stockport
RAF Stormy Down
RAF Stradishall
RAF Strubby
RAF Sturgate
RAF Sumburgh
RAF Sutton Bridge
RAF Swannington
RAF Swanton Morley
RAF Swinderby
RAF Syerston
RAF Talbenny
RAF Tempsford
RAF Ternhill
RAF Tholthorpe
RAF Thornaby
RAF Tilstock
RAF Tiree
RAF Topcliffe
RAF Torquay
RAF Towyn
RAF Tuddenham
RAF Turweston
RAF Twinwood Farm
RAF Upavon
RAF Upper Heyford
RAF Upwood
RAF Uxbridge
RAF Waddington
RAF Waltham
RAF Warboys
RAF Waterbeach
RAF Watton
RAF West Freugh
RAF West Raynham
RAF Westcott
RAF Weston Zoyland
RAF Whitchurch
RAF Wickenby
RAF Wigsley
RAF Wigtown
RAF Wilmslow
RAF Winthorpe
RAF Witchford
RAF Wittering
RAF Wombleton
RAF Woodbridge
RAF Woodhall Spa
RAF Woolfox Lodge
RAF Worksop
RAF Wratting Common
RAF Wymeswold
RAF Wyton
RAF Yatesbury

f) Station facilities

bomb dump
Used for: munitions storage

control tower
Used for: watch tower, watch office

decoy site
Used for: concealed site, dummy sites

dispersal
Used for: hard standing

FIDO
Used for: Fog Investigation and Dispersal Operation, Fog Intense Dispersal Operation, Fog, Intense Dispersal Of

guard room

hangar

mess

Nissen hut

operations room

perimeter track
Used for: peri track

service vehicle

tractor
Used for: tug

petrol bowser
Used for: bowser, gas bowser

bomb trolley
Used for: trolley

control caravan
Used for: control van, control trailer

station headquarters
Used for: SH

runway
Used for: landing strip, RWY

technical building

taxiway
Used for: taxiway, taxy way

g) Roles and trades

aircrew
Personnel who operate an aircraft while in flight.
Used for: bomber boys, lads, the few

pilot
Used for: P, skipper, skip

navigator
Used for: Nav, N

bomb aimer
Used for: B, BA, bombardier, air bomber

flight engineer
Used for: FHGng, FE

wireless operator
Used for: Radio operator, W/OP, WOP

wireless operator / air gunner
Used for: WOP/AG, W/AG

air gunner
Used for: mid-upper gunner, rear gunner, mid-under gunner, A/G, R/G, MU/G.

observer
Used for: O, Obs, flying arsehole, feathered arsehole

ground personnel
Supporting personnel on the ground as opposed to aircrew, who operate an aircraft while in flight.

Women’s Auxiliary Air Force
Used for: WAAF

medical officer
Used for: MO

meteorological officer
Used for: Met Officer

ground crew
Supporting personnel who ensure the airworthiness of an aircraft

fitter airframe
fitter engine
flight mechanic
mechanics airframe
mechanics engine

h) Decorations

Conspicuous Gallantry Medal
Used for: CGM

Dickin Medal

Distinguished Flying Cross
Used for: DFC

Distinguished Flying Medal
Used for: DFM

Distinguished Service Cross
Used for: DSC

Distinguished Service Medal
Used for: DSM

Distinguished Service Order
Used for: DSO

George Cross
Used for: GC

Military Medal
Used for: MM

Victoria Cross
Used for: VC

i) Aerial warfare and related concepts

anti-aircraft fire
Used for: Flak, ak-ak, aa, A.A., archie, flaming onions
To fire weapons or artillery at an enemy.

Air Transport Auxiliary
Used for: ATA
A British wartime service tasked with the delivery of aircraft from factories to operational units: aircrew were civilians exempt from wartime service due to health, age and gender.

bale out
Used for: bail out
To jump out of an aircraft with a parachute.

bomb struck
Aircraft dropping a bomb on another over a target.

bombing
The sustained aerial attack carried out by bombs dropped by aircraft.


bouncing bomb
Used for: Highball bouncing bomb, Upkeep bouncing bomb
An explosive device designed to bounce to a target across water, then exploding in a fashion similar to a naval depth charge. See also: Eder Möhne and Sorpe operation (16–17 May 1943), 617 Squadron, Gibson, Guy Penrose (1918-1944), Wallis, Barnes Neville (1887-1979)

Grand Slam
Used for: 22000lb bomb, earthquake bomb
A bomb deployed against massive and hardened structures.

incendiary device
Used for: firebomb
A bomb designed to start a fire.

Tallboy
Used for: 12000lb bomb, earthquake bomb
A bomb deployed against massive and hardened structures.

bombing up
To load an aircraft with bombs and/or incendiary devices.

bomb disposal
Used for: defusing
A process whereby an explosive device is rendered safe.

briefing
A meeting intended to secure a coordinated or unified effort before a bombing operation, especially an oral dissemination of information about weather, defences, and nature of the target. See also: debriefing.

Cook’s tour
Used for: Thompson's tour.
A post-war, day-time sightseeing flight for ground personnel and/or civilians to view bombed targets.

crash
An accident in which aircraft uncontrollably hits the ground or a body of water.

forced landing
Used for: prang, write-off, crash landing
Abruptly bringing an aircraft to the ground or the surface of water in an emergency.

ditching
The aircrew knowingly make a controlled emergency landing on water.

debriefing
To question aircrew about a completed operation. See also: briefing.

crewing up
To join a crew, especially upon completion of basic training.

demobilisation
Used for: demob, back to civvy street
The process of being discharged and returning to civilian life.

escaping
Escaping from a prisoner of war camp.

evading
Evading capture, usually after being shot down and baling out. 

fuelling
To resupply an aircraft with fuel.

Gee
Hyperbolic navigation system used operationally by Bomber Command.

Goldfish Club
Association of aircrew who were rescued from the sea.

Guinea Pig Club
Social club and mutual support network for British and allied aircrew injured by burns and operated on by Archibald McIndoe at East Grinstead.

H2S
Used for: BN, Blind Navigation
Airborne ground scanning radar system used operationally by Bomber Command.

Home Guard
Used for: HG; parashots; Local Defence Volunteers; LDV
Armed citizen militia supporting the British Army. Its main role was to act as a secondary defence force, in case of invasion by the forces of Nazi Germany and their allies.

killed in action
Used for: killed in air operations, KAO, KIA
The death of a combatant at the hands of hostile forces.

lynching
The extrajudicial killing by a group, often used to denote public executions by a mob in order to punish aircrew who baled out on enemy territory.

master bomber
An experienced aircrew tasked to coordinate the combined effort of aircraft over the target. 

mid-air collision
An accident in which two or more aircraft come into contact during flight.

mine laying
Used for: gardening
To deploy sea mines carried out by aircraft.

propaganda
Used for: Nickel, Nickels
Information used to promote a political cause, or a specific point of view, especially when involving dropping of printed material on enemy territory.

Morse-keyed wireless telegraphy
Sending and receiving messages via a Morse key and a radio telegraphy link.

Navy, Army and Air Force Institutes
Used for: NAAFI
A company running recreational establishments needed by the British Armed Forces, and to sell goods to servicemen and their families.

Pathfinders
Squadrons tasked to locate and accurately drop target indicators, to increase the accuracy of the main bomber force.

Photographic Reconnaissance Unit
Used for: PRU
A unity tasked of reconnaissance for a military or strategic purpose that is conducted by using reconnaissance aircraft.

Prisoner of war
Used for: POW, PoW
Someone held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.

Dulag Luft
Used for: Oberursel camp, Wetzlar camp

Stalag Luft 1
Usef for: Stalag Luft 1, Stalag Luft i, Stalag Luft I, Barth camp

Stalag Luft 2
Used for: Stalag Luft 2, Stalag Luft ii, Stalag Luft II, Litzmannstadt camp

Stalag Luft 3
Used for: Stalag Luft 3, Stalag Luft iii, Stalag Luft III, Belaria camp, Belaria, Belaria compound, Żagań camp, Zegan camp, Sagan camp

Stalag Luft 3A
Used for: Stalag Luft 3-A, Stalag Luft iii-A, Stalag Luft III-A, Luckenwalde camp

Stalag Luft 4
Used for: Stalag Luft 4, Stalag Luft iv, Stalag Luft IV, Tychowo camp, Groß Tychow camp

Stalag Luft 5
Used for: Stalag Luft 5, Stalag Luft v, Stalag Luft V, Stalag Luft 5, Tychowo camp, Groß Tychow camp

Stalag Luft 6
Used for: Stalag Luft 6, Stalag Luft vi, Stalag Luft VI, Heydekrug camp

Stalag Luft 7
Usef for: Stalag Luft 7, Stalag Luft vii, Stalag Luft VII, Tychowo camp, Groß Tychow camp

Stalag Luft 8B
Usef for: Stalag Luft VIII-B, Stalag Luft vii-b, Stalag-344, Lamsdorf camp

the long march
Used for: the death march
A series of forced marches between January and April 1945 when Allied prisoners of war held in German military prison camps were forced to march westward away from the advancing Russian forces.

promotion
To award servicemen and higher rank because of service length or deeds in combat; includes commissioning.

radar
Used for: Radio Detecting and Ranging
A detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects

Royal Observer Corps
Used for: ROC
A British civil defence organisation intended for the visual detection, identification, tracking and reporting of aircraft over Great Britain.

shot down
To cause to fall by enemy action, e.g. night fighters or antiaircraft fire.

Special Operations Executive
Used for: SEO
A British organisation tasked to conduct espionage, sabotage and reconnaissance in occupied Europe against the Axis powers, and to aid local resistance movements.

training
A process intended to establish and improve the capabilities of military personnel to fulfil their respective roles.

Heavy Conversion Unit
Used for: HCU
A training unit that prepared aircrew for operations on heavy bombers.

Lancaster Finishing School
Used for: LFS
A training establishment tasked to provide additional Lancaster experience to aircrews who had finished their training at a Heavy Conversion Union prior to posting to an operational squadron.

Operational Training Unit
Used for: OTU
A training establishment that prepared aircrew for operations on a particular type or types of aircraft or roles.

physical training
Used for: PT
Activities intended to achieve the ability to perform service activities. See also sport.

target indicator
Used for: marker, TI, Christmas trees
Flares providing a visual aiming point for the following bombers to aim at. See also: Pathfinders.

V-Weapon

V-1
Used for: V1, V-1 bomb, buzz bomb, flying bomb, FZG-76, V-1 rocket, Vergeltungswaffe 1, doodlebug, Kirschkern, Maikäfer

V-2
Used for: V2, V-2, V-2 rocket, Aggregat-4, Vergeltungswaffe 2

V-3
Used for: V3, London cannon, Vergeltungswaffe 3, Hochdruckpumpe, HDP, Fleißiges Lieschen, Busy Lizzie

Window
Used for: chaff
Radar countermeasure consisting of thin pieces of aluminium swamping the screen with multiple returns. See also: radar

j) People

The list below includes only key people returning a substantial number of hits. If you are looking for someone not on the list, please use the IBCC Losses Database or search the whole archive.

Alexander, Harold (1891-1969)

Auchinleck, Claude (1884-1981)

Bennett, Donald Clifford Tyndall (1910-1986)

Chadwick, Roy (1893-1947)

Chamberlain, Neville (1869-1940)

Cheshire, Geoffrey Leonard (1917-1992)

Churchill, Winston (1874-1965)

Elizabeth II, Queen of Great Britain (1926 -)

George VI, King of Great Britain (1936-1952)

Gibson, Guy Penrose (1918-1944)

Goering, Hermann (1893–1946)

Harris, Arthur Travers (1892-1984)
Used for: Bomber Harris, Butcher Harris

Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945)
Used for: Führer

McIndoe, Archibald (1900-1960)

Mussolini, Benito (1883-1945)
Used for: Duce

Portal, Charles (1893-1971)

Roosevelt, Franklin Delano (1882-1945)
Used for: FDR

Stalin, Joseph (1878-1953)

Truman, Harry (1884-1972)

Wallis, Barnes Neville (1887-1979)

k) Events

The list below includes only major events returning a substantial number of hits. If you are looking for an operation not on the list, please search either by date or place.

bombing of Augsburg (17 April 1942)

bombing of Cologne (30/31 May 1942)
Used for: Operation Millennium

Eder, Möhne and Sorpe operation (16/17 May 1943)
Used for: Operation Chastise, Dam Busters raid, Dam Busters op, Dam Busters operation

bombing of Rome (19 July 1943)

bombing of Hamburg (24-31 July 1943)
Used for: Operation Gomorrah

bombing of Kassel (22/23 October 1943)

Bombing of Mailly-le-Camp (3/4 May 1944)

Normandy campaign (6 June – 21 August 1944)
Used for: Normandy landings, operation Neptune, D-Day, DDay, Overlord


bombing of the Saumur tunnel (8/9 June 1944)

bombing of the Le Havre submarine pens (14/15 June 1944)

bombing of the Boulogne E-boats (15/16 June 1944)

bombing of the Watten V-2 site (19 June 1944)

bombing of the Wizernes V-2 site (20, 22, 24 June 1944)

bombing of the Siracourt V-2 site (25 June 1944)

bombing of the Creil V-1 storage areas (4/5 July 1944)

bombing of the Mimoyecques V-3 site (6 July 1944)

Bombing of Trossy St Maximin (3 August 1944)

bombing of Trieste (10 June 1944)

bombing of Milan (20 October 1944)
Used for: Strage di Gorla, Bombardamento di Gorla e Precotto, Piccoli Martiri di Gorla

bombing of Dresden (13 - 15 February 1945)
Used for: Operation Thunderclap

bombing of Helgoland (18 April 1945)

Operation Manna (29 Apr – 8 May 1945)
Used for: food drop, humanitarian food drops

bombing of Hiroshima (6 August 1945)

bombing of Nagasaki (9 August 1945)

Operation Dodge (1945)
Used for: servicemen repatriation

Operation Exodus (1945)
Used for: prisoners of war repatriation

l) Life experiences in wartime

animal
An animal kept primarily for company and entertainment, rather than a working animal or livestock; includes mascot.

anti-Semitism
Hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews. See also Holocaust, and ethnic and religious minority.  

arts and crafts
The skills of making objects, such as decorations, furniture, and pottery by hand, with special reference to the pastimes of prisoners of war.

civil defence
Used for: civil protection, emergency preparedness, air-raid preparedness, civil protection
Organisation and training of civilians to be prepared for attacks in wartime, including the immediate response to aerial bombing. See also home front.

Unione Nazionale Protezione Antiaerea
UNPA

Air Raid Precautions
ARP

Reichsluftschutzbund
RLB

Sicherheits- und Hilfsdienst
SHD

coping mechanism
Any action that enhances psychological comfort, especially in response to war-related stress.

displaced person
A person who is forced to leave their home country because of war or persecution, a refugee.
See also evacuation.

ethnic or religious minorities
A category of people who experience relative disadvantage as compared to members of a dominant social group, typically on the grounds of characteristics or practices. See also Anti-Semitism and Holocaust.

entertainment
Event, performance, or activity primarily designed to entertain others. Used in reference to storytelling, music, drama, social dance, playing cards or any sort of board games, panto, film, comedy, fireworks etc. See also sport.

evacuation
Protecting civilian from the risks associated with aerial bombing of cities by moving them to areas thought to be less at risk. See also displaced person.

faith
Confidence or trust in a particular system of religious belief. Used in reference to religious objects such as Bible, holy card, rosary, prayer, crucifix etc.

fear
To be afraid of someone or something likely to be dangerous, painful, or harmful, especially in war-related situations.

final resting place
The place where someone is buried, also used for the search for the whereabouts of mortal remains. Used in reference to headstone, war cemetery, and for correspondence with the Imperial War Graves Commission, then Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

Gremlin
An imaginary mischievous creature that causes faults in aircraft or other machinery, frequently used as generic synonym for difficult-to-track-down, recurring malfunction.

grief
The response to loss, particularly to the loss of someone or something that has died, to which a bond or affection was formed. See also heirloom.

firefighting
Extinguish fires, especially when caused by enemy action.

forced labour
Any work or service which people are forced to do against their will, especially under threat of punishment. Used for Germany and Germany-occupied territory, especially within the context of the Todt Organisation. See also Holocaust for references to extermination camps.

heirloom
An object purposely treasured for its value as keepsake, often passed by older members of a family to younger members over many years, especially when something has been intentionally re-purposed, transformed and manipulated. Used in reference to a case or mounted on stand, a lock of hair, a cigarette box etc.  See also memorial, grief

in the event of my death letter
A written statement intended to be read in the case of the author's demise.

Holocaust
Used for: Shoah, genocide, mass murder, extermination
The systematic state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. See also ethnic or religious minorities, anti-Semitism.

home front
The specific activities of civilians living in a country in a state of war. Used in reference to mobilisation of women, rationing, shortage of petrol and textiles, references to coupons, bartering, picking of wild fruit, home-reared animals, hardship, make-do and mend, spent ordinance picked up for scrap value, transport disruption etc. See also civil defence.

lack of moral fibre
Used for: LMF
A punitive designation used by the Royal Air Force during the Second World War to stigmatise aircrew who refused or were unable to fly operations.

love and romance
The emotional feeling of love for, or a strong attraction towards another person, and the action expressing these emotions. Used in reference to wedding photographs, images people displaying affections, love letters etc., portrait signed ‘with love’ etc.

memorial
Any kind of unmovable artefact which serves as a focus for a memory, an event or mark a spot. See also heirloom and grief.

military ethos
Feeling and duties toward other member of armed forces and the military in general. Used in reference to comradeship, honour, respect of peers, leadership, respect or disdain towards the enemy. For reasons for joining, see also recruitment.

military discipline
Used for: DNCO, Duty Not Carried Out; DNCO, Did Not Complete Operation, discharge, military punishment, jankers, court martial, glass house, imprisonment, demotion, draft dodger
The incomplete or incorrect performance of duty, especially in wartime.

military living conditions
References to accommodation, billeting, especially when in the context of lack of comfort. Used in reference to living quarters, people brushing footwear, polishing buttons, ironing or mending clothing, plus any reference to off duty time which cannot be captured under sport, entertainment, and arts and crafts.

military service conditions
Any form of subjective experience, feeling and sensation experienced in combat or training: tiredness, cold, noise, lack of sleep, stress, nausea, fatigue, elation during the first flight, etc.

perception of bombing war
Judgement about the bombing war, legitimacy of targets, moral dilemmas etc.

Pippo
Used for: Pippetto, il notturno
A semi-legendary aircraft which flew over norther Italy at night, frequently remembered as a hostile and threatening presence. Tradition had that Pippo can spot even a minor light and drop bombs accurately at it.

Resistance
Used for: the Underground, Maquis
Fight occupying forces by non-cooperation, disinformation and propaganda, hiding or spiriting away aircrew, or engaging with regular forces.

rivalry
Competition among branches of military service or individuals.

recruitment
The activity of selecting people for military training and employment.

round-up
Systematic gathering together of people by a hostile force for the purpose of interrogation, searching or detention.

sanitation
Actions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of sewage. Used in reference to to toilet, bath, showers, Elsan toilets etc.

shelter
Used for: air-raid shelter, bunker
An enclosed space or structure designed to protect people from explosive weapons such as bombs or missiles, especially dropped by aircraft.

sport
Any form of competitive physical activity intended to provide enjoyment to participants and/or entertainment for spectators. See also physical training for activities primarily intended to improve service fitness.

strafing
Attacking ground targets from low-flying aircraft using aircraft-mounted automatic weapons.

superstition
Any item, ritual or behaviour believed to bring luck and afford protection, including the objects related to that belief. Used in reference to four-leaf clover, rabbit's foot, horseshoe, charm bracelet and any kind of lucky charm.