This page is an index of the various tags we use to connect pages about similar subjects. They are organised by subject matter e.g. forces, aircraft. The first line of any entry is the term that we use to describe the subject which is also a hyperlink to every item in the IBCC Digital Archive described with that tag. The second line (in italics) contains any alternate terms, abbreviations or colloquialisms which relate to the same subject. We have provided definitions for some less commonly used or ambiguous terms.
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c) Royal Air Force groups
d) Royal Air Force squadrons
e) Royal Air Force stations
f) Station facilities
g) Roles and trades
i) Aerial warfare and related concepts
l) Life experiences in wartime
Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana
Used for: National Republican Air Force, ANR
Used for: BA
Dainippon Teikoku Rikugun Kōkūbutai
Used for: Imperial Japanese Army Air Service, Imperial Japanese Army Air Force, IJAAS, IJAAF
Polskie Siły Powietrzne
Used for: Polish Air Force, PSP
Used for: Royal Italian Air Force, RA
Royal Air Force
Used for: RAF
Used for: RN
Royal Netherlands Air Force
Used for: RNethAF, RNETHAF
Royal New Zealand Air Force
Used for: RNZAF
Royal Australian Air Force
Used for: RAAF
South African Air Force
Used for: SAAF, SALM
United States Army Air Force
Used for: USAAF
United States Army
Used for: US Army
Used for: KM
Used for: LW
Used for: Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle
Used for: Avro Anson
Used for: Arado Ar 232, Tausendfüßler, Tatzelwurm
Used for: Boeing B-17, B17, Flying Fortress
Used for: Consolidated B-24 Liberator, B24, Liberator
Used for: North American B-25 Mitchell, B25, Mitchell
Used for: Martin B-26 Marauder
Used for: Boeing B-29 Superfortress
Used for: Bristol Bolingbroke
Used for: Douglas A-20 Havoc, DB-7
Used for: Skytrain, DC3, DC-3 Dakota, Douglas DC-3
Used for: Catalina flying boat, Consolidated PBY Catalina, Canso
Used for: Consolidated Commodore
Used for: Fairchild PT-26
Used for: Boulton Paul Defiant
Used for: Dornier 16 , Wal, Dornier Do J
Used for: Dornier 18, Dornier Do 18
Used for: Dornier 24, Dornier Do 24
Used for: Dornier 215, Dornier Do 215
Used for: Dornier 217, Dornier Do 217
Used for: de Havilland DH.89 Dragon Rapide, de Havilland Dominie
Used for: Focke-Wulf 190, Fw 190 Würger
Used for: Heinkel 111
Used for: General Aircraft Limited GAL. 49
Used for: Handley Page Halifax
Halifax Mk 1
Used for: Halifax Mk. 1, Halifax Mk 1, Halifax Mk I, Halifax Mark 1
Halifax Mk 2
Used for: Halifax Mk. 2, Halifax Mk 2, Halifax Mk II, Halifax Mark 2
Halifax Mk 3
Used for: Halifax Mk. 3, Halifax Mk 3, Halifax Mk III, Halifax Mark 3
Used for: Handley Page Hampden
Used for: Handley Page H.P.54 Harrow
Used for: North American T-6 Texan
Used for: de Havilland DH.87 Hornet Moth
Used for: Airspeed AS.51 Horsa
Used for: Lockheed Hudson
Used for: Hawker Hurricane
Used for: Tante Ju, Iron Annie
Used for: Junkers 86, Junkers Ju 86
Used for: Junkers 87, Stuka, dive-bomber
Used for: Junkers Ju 88, Junkers 88
Used for: Junkers Ju 352 Herkules
Used for: Avro Lancaster, Lanc
Lancaster Mk 1
Used for: Lancaster Mk. 1, Lancaster Mk 1, Lancaster Mk I, Lancaster Mark 1
Lancaster Mk 2
Used for: Lancaster Mk. 2, Lancaster Mk 2, Lancaster Mk II, Lancaster Mark 2
Lancaster Mk 3
Used for: Lancaster Mk. 3, Lancaster Mk 3, Lancaster Mk III, Lancaster Mark 3
Used for: Avro 691 Lancastrian
Used for: Avro Type 694, Avro Lincoln
Used for: Westland Lysander
Used for: Miles M.14 Magister
Used for: Miles M.25 Martinet
Used for: Messerschmitt Bf 110
Used for: Messerschmitt Bf 109
Used for: Messerschmitt 163, Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet
Used for: Messerschmitt 262, Messerschmitt Me 262, Me 262 Schwalbe, Me 262 Schwalbe/ Sturmvogel
Used for: Messerschmitt Me 410 Hornisse
Used for: Gloster Meteor
Used for: Avro Manchester
Used for: Mossie, The Wooden Wonder
Used for: Airspeed Oxford, Airspeed AS.10
Used for: P38, P-38 Lightning, Lockheed P-38 Lightning, P-38
Used for: P40, P-40 Kittyhawk, Curtiss P-40
Used for: Republic P-47 Thunderbolt
Used for: P51, P-51 Mustang, North American Aviation P-51 Mustang
Used for: Percival Proctor
Used for: Avro Shackleton
Used for: Stearman Model 75
Used for: Supermarine Spitfire, Spit
Used for: Supermarine Stranraer
Used for: Short Stirling
Used for: Short S.25 Sunderland
Used for: Fairey Swordfish, Stringbag
Used for: de Havilland Tiger Moth, de Havilland DH.82
Used for: Hawker Typhoon, Tiffy
Used for: Lockheed Ventura
Used for: Supermarine Walrus
Used for: Vickers Wellington
Used for: Armstrong Whitworth Whitley
Used for: North American NA-64, NA-64
Used for: Avro York
RAF Acaster Malbis
RAF Barrow in Furness
RAF Bentley Priory
RAF Biggin Hill
RAF Bishops Court
RAF Boscombe Down
RAF Brize Norton
RAF Castle Bromwich
RAF Castle Kennedy
RAF Church Broughton
RAF Clyffe Pypard
RAF Compton Bassett
RAF Downham Market
RAF Dunholme Lodge
RAF Earls Colne
RAF East Kirkby
RAF East Moor
RAF Full Sutton
RAF Gransden Lodge
RAF Great Massingham
RAF Halfpenny Green
RAF Hampstead Norris
RAF Hartford Bridge
RAF Holme-on-Spalding Moor
RAF Horsham St Faith
RAF hospital Matlock
RAF hospital Rauceby
RAF hospital Torquay
RAF Hunmanby Moor
RAF Linton on Ouse
RAF Little Rissington
RAF Little Staughton
RAF Ludford Magna
RAF Market Harborough
RAF Marston Moor
RAF Middleton St George
RAF Moreton in the Marsh
RAF Morton Hall
RAF North Coates
RAF North Killingholme
RAF North Luffenham
RAF North Weald
RAF Nutts Corner
RAF Port Ellen
RAF Shepherds Grove
RAF Skipton on Swale
RAF St Athan
RAF St Eval
RAF St Mawgan
RAF Stormy Down
RAF Sutton Bridge
RAF Swanton Morley
RAF Twinwood Farm
RAF Upper Heyford
RAF West Freugh
RAF West Raynham
RAF Weston Zoyland
RAF Woodhall Spa
RAF Woolfox Lodge
RAF Wratting Common
Used for: munitions storage
Used for: watch tower, watch office
Used for: concealed site, dummy sites
Used for: hard standing
Used for: Fog Investigation and Dispersal Operation, Fog Intense Dispersal Operation, Fog, Intense Dispersal Of
Personnel who operate an aircraft while in flight.
Used for: bomber boys, lads, the few
Used for: P, skipper, skip
Used for: Nav, N
Used for: B, BA, bombardier, air bomber
Used for: FHGng, FE
Used for: Radio operator, W/OP, WOP
wireless operator / air gunner
Used for: WOP/AG, W/AG
Used for: mid-upper gunner, rear gunner, mid-under gunner, A/G, R/G, MU/G.
Used for: O, Obs, flying arsehole, feathered arsehole
Supporting personnel on the ground as opposed to aircrew, who operate an aircraft while in flight.
Conspicuous Gallantry Medal
Used for: CGM
Distinguished Service Cross
Used for: DSC
Distinguished Service Medal
Used for: DSM
Used for: Flak, ak-ak, aa, A.A., archie, flaming onions
To fire weapons or artillery at an enemy.
Air Transport Auxiliary
Used for: ATA
A British wartime service tasked with the delivery of aircraft from factories to operational units: aircrew were civilians exempt from wartime service due to health, age and gender.
Used for: bail out
To jump out of an aircraft with a parachute.
Aircraft dropping a bomb on another over a target.
The sustained aerial attack carried out by bombs dropped by aircraft.
Used for: Highball bouncing bomb, Upkeep bouncing bomb
An explosive device designed to bounce to a target across water, then exploding in a fashion similar to a naval depth charge. See also: Eder Möhne and Sorpe operation (16–17 May 1943), 617 Squadron, Gibson, Guy Penrose (1918-1944), Wallis, Barnes Neville (1887-1979)
Used for: 22000lb bomb, earthquake bomb
A bomb deployed against massive and hardened structures.
Used for: firebomb
A bomb designed to start a fire.
Used for: 12000lb bomb, earthquake bomb
A bomb deployed against massive and hardened structures.
To load an aircraft with bombs and/or incendiary devices.
Used for: defusing
A process whereby an explosive device is rendered safe.
A meeting intended to secure a coordinated or unified effort before a bombing operation, especially an oral dissemination of information about weather, defences, and nature of the target. See also: debriefing.
Used for: Thompson's tour.
A post-war, day-time sightseeing flight for ground personnel and/or civilians to view bombed targets.
An accident in which aircraft uncontrollably hits the ground or a body of water.
Used for: prang, write-off, crash landing
Abruptly bringing an aircraft to the ground or the surface of water in an emergency.
The aircrew knowingly make a controlled emergency landing on water.
To join a crew, especially upon completion of basic training.
Evading capture, usually after being shot down and baling out.
To resupply an aircraft with fuel.
Hyperbolic navigation system used operationally by Bomber Command.
Association of aircrew who were rescued from the sea.
Guinea Pig Club
Social club and mutual support network for British and allied aircrew injured by burns and operated on by Archibald McIndoe at East Grinstead.
Used for: BN, Blind Navigation
Airborne ground scanning radar system used operationally by Bomber Command.
Used for: HG; parashots; Local Defence Volunteers; LDV
Armed citizen militia supporting the British Army. Its main role was to act as a secondary defence force, in case of invasion by the forces of Nazi Germany and their allies.
killed in action
Used for: killed in air operations, KAO, KIA
The death of a combatant at the hands of hostile forces.
Used for: gardening
To deploy sea mines carried out by aircraft.
Used for: Nickel, Nickels
Information used to promote a political cause, or a specific point of view, especially when involving dropping of printed material on enemy territory.
Morse-keyed wireless telegraphy
Sending and receiving messages via a Morse key and a radio telegraphy link.
Navy, Army and Air Force Institutes
Used for: NAAFI
A company running recreational establishments needed by the British Armed Forces, and to sell goods to servicemen and their families.
Photographic Reconnaissance Unit
Used for: PRU
A unity tasked of reconnaissance for a military or strategic purpose that is conducted by using reconnaissance aircraft.
Prisoner of war
Used for: POW, PoW
Someone held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
Used for: Oberursel camp, Wetzlar camp
Stalag Luft 1
Usef for: Stalag Luft 1, Stalag Luft i, Stalag Luft I, Barth camp
Stalag Luft 2
Used for: Stalag Luft 2, Stalag Luft ii, Stalag Luft II, Litzmannstadt camp
Stalag Luft 3
Used for: Stalag Luft 3, Stalag Luft iii, Stalag Luft III, Belaria camp, Belaria, Belaria compound, Żagań camp, Zegan camp, Sagan camp
Stalag Luft 3A
Used for: Stalag Luft 3-A, Stalag Luft iii-A, Stalag Luft III-A, Luckenwalde camp
Stalag Luft 4
Used for: Stalag Luft 4, Stalag Luft iv, Stalag Luft IV, Tychowo camp, Groß Tychow camp
Stalag Luft 5
Used for: Stalag Luft 5, Stalag Luft v, Stalag Luft V, Stalag Luft 5, Tychowo camp, Groß Tychow camp
Stalag Luft 6
Used for: Stalag Luft 6, Stalag Luft vi, Stalag Luft VI, Heydekrug camp
Stalag Luft 7
Usef for: Stalag Luft 7, Stalag Luft vii, Stalag Luft VII, Tychowo camp, Groß Tychow camp
Stalag Luft 8B
Usef for: Stalag Luft VIII-B, Stalag Luft vii-b, Stalag-344, Lamsdorf camp
the long march
Used for: the death march
A series of forced marches between January and April 1945 when Allied prisoners of war held in German military prison camps were forced to march westward away from the advancing Russian forces.
To award servicemen and higher rank because of service length or deeds in combat; includes commissioning.
Used for: Radio Detecting and Ranging
A detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects
Royal Observer Corps
Used for: ROC
A British civil defence organisation intended for the visual detection, identification, tracking and reporting of aircraft over Great Britain.
Special Operations Executive
Used for: SEO
A British organisation tasked to conduct espionage, sabotage and reconnaissance in occupied Europe against the Axis powers, and to aid local resistance movements.
A process intended to establish and improve the capabilities of military personnel to fulfil their respective roles.
Heavy Conversion Unit
Used for: HCU
A training unit that prepared aircrew for operations on heavy bombers.
Lancaster Finishing School
Used for: LFS
A training establishment tasked to provide additional Lancaster experience to aircrews who had finished their training at a Heavy Conversion Union prior to posting to an operational squadron.
Operational Training Unit
Used for: OTU
A training establishment that prepared aircrew for operations on a particular type or types of aircraft or roles.
Used for: PT
Activities intended to achieve the ability to perform service activities. See also sport.
Used for: V1, V-1 bomb, buzz bomb, flying bomb, FZG-76, V-1 rocket, Vergeltungswaffe 1, doodlebug, Kirschkern, Maikäfer
Used for: V2, V-2, V-2 rocket, Aggregat-4, Vergeltungswaffe 2
Used for: V3, London cannon, Vergeltungswaffe 3, Hochdruckpumpe, HDP, Fleißiges Lieschen, Busy Lizzie
Bennett, Donald Clifford Tyndall (1910-1986)
Chadwick, Roy (1893-1947)
Chamberlain, Neville (1869-1940)
Cheshire, Geoffrey Leonard (1917-1992)
Churchill, Winston (1874-1965)
Elizabeth II, Queen of Great Britain (1926 -)
George VI, King of Great Britain (1936-1952)
Gibson, Guy Penrose (1918-1944)
Goering, Hermann (1893–1946)
Harris, Arthur Travers (1892-1984)
Used for: Bomber Harris, Butcher Harris
Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945)
Used for: Führer
McIndoe, Archibald (1900-1960)
Mussolini, Benito (1883-1945)
Used for: Duce
Portal, Charles (1893-1971)
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano (1882-1945)
Used for: FDR
Stalin, Joseph (1878-1953)
Truman, Harry (1884-1972)
Wallis, Barnes Neville (1887-1979)
bombing of Cologne (30/31 May 1942)
Used for: Operation Millennium
Eder, Möhne and Sorpe operation (16/17 May 1943)
Used for: Operation Chastise, Dam Busters raid, Dam Busters op, Dam Busters operation
bombing of Hamburg (24-31 July 1943)
Used for: Operation Gomorrah
Normandy campaign (6 June – 21 August 1944)
Used for: Normandy landings, operation Neptune, D-Day, DDay, Overlord
bombing of the Saumur tunnel (8/9 June 1944)
bombing of the Le Havre submarine pens (14/15 June 1944)
bombing of the Boulogne E-boats (15/16 June 1944)
bombing of the Watten V-2 site (19 June 1944)
bombing of the Wizernes V-2 site (20, 22, 24 June 1944)
bombing of the Siracourt V-2 site (25 June 1944)
bombing of the Creil V-1 storage areas (4/5 July 1944)
bombing of the Mimoyecques V-3 site (6 July 1944)
bombing of Milan (20 October 1944)
Used for: Strage di Gorla, Bombardamento di Gorla e Precotto, Piccoli Martiri di Gorla
bombing of Dresden (13 - 15 February 1945)
Used for: Operation Thunderclap
Operation Manna (29 Apr – 8 May 1945)
Used for: food drop, humanitarian food drops
An animal kept primarily for company and entertainment, rather than a working animal or livestock; includes mascot.
Hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews. See also Holocaust, and ethnic and religious minority.
arts and crafts
The skills of making objects, such as decorations, furniture, and pottery by hand, with special reference to the pastimes of prisoners of war.
Used for: civil protection, emergency preparedness, air-raid preparedness, civil protection
Organisation and training of civilians to be prepared for attacks in wartime, including the immediate response to aerial bombing. See also home front.
Any action that enhances psychological comfort, especially in response to war-related stress.
A person who is forced to leave their home country because of war or persecution, a refugee.
See also evacuation.
ethnic or religious minorities
A category of people who experience relative disadvantage as compared to members of a dominant social group, typically on the grounds of characteristics or practices. See also Anti-Semitism and Holocaust.
Event, performance, or activity primarily designed to entertain others. Used in reference to storytelling, music, drama, social dance, playing cards or any sort of board games, panto, film, comedy, fireworks etc. See also sport.
Protecting civilian from the risks associated with aerial bombing of cities by moving them to areas thought to be less at risk. See also displaced person.
Confidence or trust in a particular system of religious belief. Used in reference to religious objects such as Bible, holy card, rosary, prayer, crucifix etc.
To be afraid of someone or something likely to be dangerous, painful, or harmful, especially in war-related situations.
final resting place
The place where someone is buried, also used for the search for the whereabouts of mortal remains. Used in reference to headstone, war cemetery, and for correspondence with the Imperial War Graves Commission, then Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
An imaginary mischievous creature that causes faults in aircraft or other machinery, frequently used as generic synonym for difficult-to-track-down, recurring malfunction.
The response to loss, particularly to the loss of someone or something that has died, to which a bond or affection was formed. See also heirloom.
Extinguish fires, especially when caused by enemy action.
Any work or service which people are forced to do against their will, especially under threat of punishment. Used for Germany and Germany-occupied territory, especially within the context of the Todt Organisation. See also Holocaust for references to extermination camps.
An object purposely treasured for its value as keepsake, often passed by older members of a family to younger members over many years, especially when something has been intentionally re-purposed, transformed and manipulated. Used in reference to a case or mounted on stand, a lock of hair, a cigarette box etc. See also memorial, grief.
in the event of my death letter
A written statement intended to be read in the case of the author's demise.
Used for: Shoah, genocide, mass murder, extermination
The systematic state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. See also ethnic or religious minorities, anti-Semitism.
The specific activities of civilians living in a country in a state of war. Used in reference to mobilisation of women, rationing, shortage of petrol and textiles, references to coupons, bartering, picking of wild fruit, home-reared animals, hardship, make-do and mend, spent ordinance picked up for scrap value, transport disruption etc. See also civil defence.
lack of moral fibre
Used for: LMF
A punitive designation used by the Royal Air Force during the Second World War to stigmatise aircrew who refused or were unable to fly operations.
love and romance
The emotional feeling of love for, or a strong attraction towards another person, and the action expressing these emotions. Used in reference to wedding photographs, images people displaying affections, love letters etc., portrait signed ‘with love’ etc.
Any kind of unmovable artefact which serves as a focus for a memory, an event or mark a spot. See also heirloom and grief.
Feeling and duties toward other member of armed forces and the military in general. Used in reference to comradeship, honour, respect of peers, leadership, respect or disdain towards the enemy. For reasons for joining, see also recruitment.
Used for: DNCO, Duty Not Carried Out; DNCO, Did Not Complete Operation, discharge, military punishment, jankers, court martial, glass house, imprisonment, demotion, draft dodger
The incomplete or incorrect performance of duty, especially in wartime.
military living conditions
References to accommodation, billeting, especially when in the context of lack of comfort. Used in reference to living quarters, people brushing footwear, polishing buttons, ironing or mending clothing, plus any reference to off duty time which cannot be captured under sport, entertainment, and arts and crafts.
military service conditions
Any form of subjective experience, feeling and sensation experienced in combat or training: tiredness, cold, noise, lack of sleep, stress, nausea, fatigue, elation during the first flight, etc.
perception of bombing war
Judgement about the bombing war, legitimacy of targets, moral dilemmas etc.
Used for: Pippetto, il notturno
A semi-legendary aircraft which flew over norther Italy at night, frequently remembered as a hostile and threatening presence. Tradition had that Pippo can spot even a minor light and drop bombs accurately at it.
Used for: the Underground, Maquis
Fight occupying forces by non-cooperation, disinformation and propaganda, hiding or spiriting away aircrew, or engaging with regular forces.
Competition among branches of military service or individuals.
The activity of selecting people for military training and employment.
Systematic gathering together of people by a hostile force for the purpose of interrogation, searching or detention.
Actions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of sewage. Used in reference to to toilet, bath, showers, Elsan toilets etc.
Used for: air-raid shelter, bunker
An enclosed space or structure designed to protect people from explosive weapons such as bombs or missiles, especially dropped by aircraft.
Any form of competitive physical activity intended to provide enjoyment to participants and/or entertainment for spectators. See also physical training for activities primarily intended to improve service fitness.
Attacking ground targets from low-flying aircraft using aircraft-mounted automatic weapons.
Any item, ritual or behaviour believed to bring luck and afford protection, including the objects related to that belief. Used in reference to four-leaf clover, rabbit's foot, horseshoe, charm bracelet and any kind of lucky charm.