Round-up was a widespread practice in occupied countries, whereby Waffen-SS, Wehrmacht, Fascist militiamen, or other forces forcibly captured and detained groups of civilians. It frequently involved the cordoning-off of streets and the systematic search of buildings and people. Those apprehended were sent to forced labour, kept as hostages, summarily executed in reprisal actions, or sent to extermination camps. Most round-ups took place in the context of anti-partisan operations or as part of the Holocaust: they feature prominently in the testimonies of those who were at the receiving end of the bombing war as part of an overarching experience of fear, brutality and uncertainty.
IBCC Digital Archive
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“Round-up [concept],” IBCC Digital Archive, accessed March 21, 2019, https://ibccdigitalarchive.lincoln.ac.uk/omeka/collections/document/9025.
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